Aberbargoed:
Defects in the 1861 and 1871 Census Returns

 

 

While searching the 1861 and 1871 census returns for the area now covered by Aberbargoed for members of my Edmunds family, I discovered a number of defects relating to missing schedules. The following notes might help other researchers working with census data for these years.

1861

Missing from my family are:
EDMUNDS, Edmund (b ca 1792 s/o Charles & Catherine) - probably at Ty Llwyd
EDMUNDS, Rachel (b ca 1827 d/o Thomas & Jane)
EDMUNDS, Hannah/Anna/Anne (b ca 1831 d/o Thomas & Jane)
WILLIAMS, Margaret (nee EDMUNDS, b ca 1799, widow of Howell)
WILLIAMS, Edmund (b ca 1831, s/o Howell & Margaret)
WILLIAMS, Charles (b ca 1838, s/o Howell & Margaret)
WILLIAMS, William (b ca 1842, s/o Howell & Margaret)
WILLIAMS, Catherine (b ca 1845, d/o Howell & Margaret)
LAWRENCE, David (b 1808, bro of Jane)
EDWARDS, Rebecca (nee LAWRENCE, b 1803, sis of Jane)

Found are:
EDMUNDS, Thomas (b ca 1795 s/o Charles & Catherine), wife Jane (nee LAWRENCE), children William, Charles, Margaret & Jane - at Cwmsifiog
WILLIAMS, Richard (b ca 1791), wife Mary (nee EDMUNDS) - at Bargoed Ishlawrcoed Bedwellty (with Edmund LEWIS & John MORGAN)

Looking now at the 1861 census returns on Ancestry, browsing Monmouthshire, Civil Parish of Bedwellty, Sub-registration District of Rock Bedwellty, there are 4 Enumeration Districts numbered 1 to 4.

ED 1: the description of the district is missing, but the summary page, although damaged, shows there are 21 pages, 120 schedules, 100 houses, 1 uninhabited house, 267 males and 246 females.

For ED 1, there are 21 images:
Image, Folio, Page, Schedules, Addresses
01, 02, 01, 001-004 - Argoed
02, 02, 02, 005-012 - Argoed
03, 03, 03, 013-019 - Argoed
04, 03, 04, 020-024 - Argoed
05, 04, 05, 025-030 - Argoed, Argoed Arms PH
06, 04, 06, 031-037 - Argoed
07, 05, 07, 038-042 - Argoed
08, 05, 08, 043-045 - Argoed
09, 06, 09, 046-050 - Argoed
10, 06, 10, 051-057 - Argoed
11, 07, 11, 058-063 - Argoed
12, 07, 12, 064-069 - Argoed
13, 08, 13, 070-074 - Argoed Fair Oak Beer House, Argoed
14, 08, 14, 075-081 - Argoed Buildings
15, 09, 15, 082-086 - Argoed Buildings
16, 09, 16, 087-090 - Argoed Buildings
17, 10, 17, 091-098 - Argoed Buildings
18, 10, 18, 099-105 - Argoed, Rock Inn PH, Rock, Argoed Inn
19, 11, 19, 106-112 - Argoed fawr farm, Argoed ganol, Argoed ucha farm
20, 11, 20, 113-116 - Glynnos farm house, Rose When Farm, Penrhiw Eglwys
21, 12, 21, 117-120 - Berllanlwyd farm, Argoed, Argoed Ganol farm, Rock Inn ("part of sch 102 omitted")

So, ED 1 is all to the east of Aberbargoed.

ED 2: "Charlestown including all the farm houses, cottages and other tenements, between the Parish Roads from Rock Vach (on the left) to Bedwellty Parsonage, thence by Tynewydd Cottage down to Ynuspwwldu Bridge"

For ED 2, there are 25 images:
Image, Folio, Page, Schedules, Addresses
01, 16, 01, 001-003 - Tynewyd Cottage, Parsonage, Caeaumeinon
02, 16, 02, 004-007 - Tynewyd, Maes y Garn, Maesruddud
03, 17, 03, 008-014 - Rock, Rock Meeting House
04, 17, 04, 015-021 - Rock, Tai Shon Llewelyn 1-6
05, 18, 05, 022-027 - Rock Fach 1-2, Gelly dywell, Cwm Gelly 1-2
06, 18, 06, 028-036 - Cwm Gelly 2-5
07, 19, 07, 037-043 - Cwm Gelly 6-9
08, 19, 08, 044-049 - Cwm Gelly 10-13
09, 20, 09, 050-055 - Cwm Gelly 14-18
10, 20, 10, 056-058 - Rock Cottage, Charlestown 1-2
11, 21, 11, 059-061 - Charlestown 3-8 (5-7 uninhabited)
12, 21, 12, 062-068 - Charlestown 9-10, Foundry
13, 22, 13, 069-076 - Foundry
14, 22, 14, 077-083 - Pentwyn Farm, Berllanlwyd, Charlestown
15, 23, 15, 084-090 - Charlestown, Carpenter's Arms Public House
16, 23, 16, 091-094 - Myrtlegrove, Charlestown
17, 24, 17, 095-101 - Rock house, Charlestown
18, 24, 18, 102-106 - Charlestown
19, 25, 19, 107-112 - Charlestown
20, 25, 20, 113-117 - Charlestown
21, 26, 21, 118-128 - Red Lion Inn, Charlestown
22, 27, 22, 129-134 - Charlestown, Tredegar Arms Inn
23, 27, 23, 135-141 - Charlestown
24, 28, 24, 142-148 - Foundry, Forest, Pencoedfach farm house
25, 28, 25, 149+119 - Pencoed Isa farm house

Schedule 119 was missed on image 21 and included at the end on image 25, so assume its address was Charlestown. Also noted on image 25 were Cwmy Gelly Chapel of Ease, Charlestown Wesleyan Methodist Chapel and Rock C Methodist Chapel. The Charlestown shown here is now part of Blackwood, and is different to the Charlestown that is now part of Bargoed.

So, ED 2 doesn't look like it relates to our area of interest - it's all to the south east of Aberbargoed.

ED 3: "Blackwood including the Village of Blackwood from the Post Office down to the Coach and Horses on the south of the Parish road from Ynuspwlldu Bridge to Twynyffald, including Ty Isha and Place farm houses and the adjacent houses"

For ED 3, there are 34 images:
Image, Folio, Page, Schedules, Addresses
01, 32, 01, 001-004 - Blackwood
02, 32, 02, 005-009 - Blackwood
03, 33, 03, 010-014 - Blackwood
04, 33, 04, 015-019 - Blackwood, Royal Oak PH
05, 34, 05, 020-023 - Blackwood, New Royal Oak Beer House, Yew Tree Beer House
06, 34, 06, 024-028 - Blackwood grocer shop, George Inn
07, 35, 07, 029-034 - Blackwood
08, 35, 08, 034-039 - Blackwood
09, 36, 09, 040-046 - Blackwood, Butcher's Arms
10, 36, 10, 047-051 - Blackwood
11, 37, 11, 052-055 - Blackwood
12, 37, 12, 056-060 - Blackwood
13, 38, 13, 061-065 - Blackwood, grocer shop
14, 38, 14, 066-069 - Blackwood
15, 39, 15, 070-072 - Blackwood
16, 39, 16, 073-076 - Blackwood New Coach, Albion Beer House
17, 40, 17, 077-080 - Blackwood
18, 40, 18, 081-085+091 - Blackwood
19, 41, 19, 086-088 - Blackwood
20, 41, 20, 089-094x091 - Blackwood
21, 42, 21, 095-098 - Blackwood Coach & Horses, Primitive Methodist Chapel
22, 42, 22, 099-104x103 - Blackwood
23, 43, 23, 103+105-108 - Blackwood
24, 43, 24, 109-113 - Blackwood, Libanus Baptist Chapel
25, 44, 25, 114-118 - Blackwood
26, 44, 26, 119-122&128 - Blackwood
27, 45, 27, 123-127 - Blackwood, Mason's Arms
28, 45, 28, 129-134 - Blackwood
29, 46, 29, 135-140 - Blackwood
30, 46, 30, 141-147 - Blackwood, Perseverance Wesleyan Methodist Chapel, Pentwyn Cottage, Twyn y ffald, Twyn Place
31, 47, 31, 148-151 - Bedwellty Place Farm House, Tir y Gwaudd farm house, Blackwood
32, 47, 32, 152-158&160 - Blackwood
33, 48, 33, 159&161-167 - Blackwood
34, 48, 34, 168-172 - Blackwood

The enumerator mixed up the schedules several times!

ED 4: "Trelyn & Pengam, all that part on the right or South of the Parish road from Pengam Bridge to Twynfald thence down to Darren Place along the Parish Road to the Parish Boundary below the Place Barns, then down by Darren Place to Fleur de lis including the Ivy Bush and three houses on the same side up to Brittania and Cefn Forest"

For ED 4, there are 29 images:
Image, Folio, Page, Schedules, Addresses
01, 52, 01, 001-005, Chapel Buildings, Rees Harrhys House
02, 52, 02, 006+008-012+016 - Mary Jones house, Ivy Bush houses, Bragley Houses
03, 53, 03, 013-015+017-018 - Ivy Bush Inn, Ivy Bush houses & post office, Bragley Houses
04, 53, 04, 019-025 - Brittania Houses, Henry Lewis Houses
05, 54, 05, 026-032 - Henry Lewis Houses, William Rees Houses
06, 54, 06, 033-040 - William Rees Houses, Cilvach Row
07, 55, 07, 041-045 - William Rees Houses, Cilvach Row
08, 55, 08, 046,047,049,050,051,055 - Cilvach Row, Parrott Row
09, 56, 09, 052-4,056-9 - Parrott Row, Cosslett Row
10, 56, 10, 060-064 - Cosslett Row
11, 57, 11, 065-070 - Cosslett Row, grocers shop, Lewis Jenkins Houses
12, 57, 12, 071-076 - Lewis Jenkins Houses, David Powell Houses, Smiths Arms, David Evans Houses
13, 58, 13, 077-082+084 - David Evans Houses, Wainborva, Paynters House, Perthi Gleison
14, 58, 14, 083+085-088+090 - Perthi Gleison, Brewers Houses, Benj Davies Houses
15, 59, 15, 089+091-093 - Benj Davies Houses
16, 59, 16, 094-099 - Benj Davies Houses, Tredegar Arms Inn, Prosser's Row
17, 60, 17, 100-103+107 - Cross Keys Inn, Stable Row, Rosser Williams Row
18, 60, 18, 104-106, 109-109 - Stable Row, Rosser Williams Row, grocers shop
19, 61, 19, 110-113, 125-127, 114, 190 - Rosser Williams Row, Trelyn Inn, Jno Lewis's House
20, 61, 20, 116-120 - Trelyn, Twyn y fald
21, 62, 21, 121-124 - Pant Glas, Llwyn yr Eos, Fleur de lis
22, 62, 22, 126, 128-131 - Place cottages, Fleur de lis Horse Shoe Inn
23, 63, 23, 132-135, 162 - Fleur de lis, Moggridge Houses
24, 63, 24, 136-140 - Nidfa, Glan yr Avon, Morgan Thomas Row, Freeman's Houses
25, 64, 25, 165-170, 173 - Fleur de lis, Morgan Thomas Houses
26, 64, 26, 172-176 - Morgan Thomas Houses
27, 65, ??, 188+191-194 - Darren Place, Twyn y fald, Cefn Forest
28, 65, 34, 195 - Ty Newydd, Baptist Chapel
29, 66, ??, 065-069, Bargoed, Bedwellty Cottage

This last page (page number obscured) is obviously not part of the previous pages in this ED. This last page includes Richard and Mary WILLIAMS, address Bargoed, living next door to Naboth & Rachel WILLIAMS (was this Rachel aged 34y the same as Rachel EDMUNDS d/o Thomas & Jane?). Naboth & Rachel had two lodgers, Thomas WILLIAMS 37 from Breconshire and John WILLIAMS 32 from Aberystruth.

The enumerator mixed up a lot of schedules in this ED - evidently quite a number missing.

Summarising:

ED 1 has folios 2 to 12, so where is folio 1?
ED 2 has folios 16 to 28, so where are folios 13 to 15?
ED 3 has folios 32 to 48, so where are folios 29 to 31?
ED 4 has folios 52 to 66, so where are folios 49 to 51?

Are these "missing" folios just the printed front matter (eg instructions) for each booklet?

Image 29 in ED 4 is a problem as it doesn't belong, and indicates many missing schedules (1 to 64) that probably covered Cwrt Coch, Ty Llwyd and nearby.

The Tredegar sub-registration district has 48 EDs and I haven't look through them all to see if some of the lost schedules have been included there, but as the missing names don't appear in available indexes, I don't think they will.

1871

Piece 5330.

Folio 1: Description of ED 1 - "Argoed. The whole of Argoed Village and Cwmcorrwg including the Farm Houses and Cottages from Rock Inn to P... Farm House between the Parish Road from Pont Syr Davydd to Coedmoeth Common and the Sirhowy River".

Folio 15: Description of ED 2 - "Charlestown including Farm houses cottages tenements between the Parish Road from Rock Farm left side to Bedwellty Vicarage House by Tynewidd Cottage down Ynyspwlldu Bridge (East limits) Sirhowy River."

Folio 28: Description of ED 3 - "Blackwood including the village of Blackwood from the Post Office down to the Coach and Horses on the South of the Parish Road from Ynyspwlldu Bridge to Twyn y ffald including Ty Isa and Place Farm houses and adjacent houses."

Folio 46: Description of ED 4 - "Trylin and Pengam and all that part on the right or South of the Parish Road from Pengam Bridge to Twyn fald thence down to Darran Place along the Parish road to the Parish boundary below the Place Barns, thence down by Darran y Place to Trylin including the Ivybush and those houses on the same side up to the Britannia."

Folio 65: Description of ED 5 - "Bargoed and Bedwellty Village including all the houses between Forest to Coedmoth Common in the West of the Parish Road to Rhymney River from Gwaelod y waun to the Boundary and then two Cottages in the middle of Coedmoth Common."

Folio 68 Page 1 Schedules 1 to 6: Pencoed Cottage, Gwaelodwaun, Cottage, Ty fry, Bargoed, Church Inn.

Folio 68 Page 2 Schedules 6 (continued) to 11: Church Inn, Bedwellty Village, New Inn, Church Cottage (3 schedules).

Folio 69 Page 3 Schedules 11 (continued) to 16: Church Cottage (2 schedules), Penywaun (3 schedules), Coedmoth Common.

Folio 69 Page 4 Schedules 16 (continued) to 20: Coedmoth Common (2 schedules), Pantyfid Farm, Coedybrain Farm, Neuaddwen Farm.

Folio 69 Pages 5 and following Schedules 21 to 51 are missing. These schedules, I surmise, contain Cwrt Coch Farm, Pontaberbargoed (or Bargoed as it was probably called then) and surrounding areas between the river and Neuaddwen Farm. These schedules would have included my Edmunds and related families.

Folio 70 Page number obscured (perhaps deliberately) Schedules 51 (continued) to 57 (some schedule numbers missing on damaged edge of this folio): unknown continued location, Bargoed (5 schedules), Cefn Forest.

Folio 70 Page number obscured (perhaps deliberately) Schedules 57 (continued) to 60 (numbers not noted - I've just counted forward): Cefn Forest, the next three households are uninhabited, and are noted as follows:

58 - Bedwellty Village, "this ought to be entered after schedule 4"
59 - Neuaddwen Cottage, "ditto ditto 30"
60 - Bargoed, "ditto ditto 44"

Then there is this notation at the bottom of the page: "End of Bedwellty Ecclesiastical District."

There are about 25 persons per page, and of the surviving pages, there are on average about 5 schedules per page. The missing 31 schedules then would have occupied about 6 pages containing about 150 persons. Most of these would have been resident in Pontaberbargoed, plus a few scattered rows and cottages around Cwrt Coch Farm. The last two of the three uninhabited houses fit this description.

It seems unlikely that the missing schedules will be found. Judging by the state of folio 70, I suspect that the missing schedules have become detached at some point in the past and thus lost. It seems miraculous that folio 70 survived.

Conclusion

So I have to conclude that schedules for the the area covered by modern day Aberbargoed are missing in the 1861 and 1871 censuses. It leaves a big gap in the available historical resources for the area.


 



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