The Symonds Story Part 3

Symonds Descendant Charts

The Earliest Records

The Symonds family tree has its roots in St Newlyn East and Ladock in Cornwall, as explained in the first Symonds story page. No earlier records have yet been found so we must start with William Symons who married Mary Traher at St Newlyn East Parish Church on 30 December 1690. The name Traher was recorded in Seynt Newlyn (East) at the time of the Cornwall Musters of 1523 and 1543 in the reign of King Henry VIII. The surname spelling varies, no doubt depending on how the scribe interpreted the sound of the name spoken with a strong Cornish accent - Trehar, Trehare, Trahere, Treyhar. William's home parish seems to have been Ladock and, again, there were a variety of spellings of the surname, both in Ladock and St Newlyn East - Symons, Symon, Symond, Symonds, Symmonds and Simons. Nevertheless, as spoken in places where it is still found in Cornwall, it is pronounced "Simmonds", and even this spelling is found in my family tree.

My Symonds Family Tree

In the list below are the Symonds (and other spellings) members of my family tree from the earliest William and Mary Symons. Each of the links will take you to the key member in the Descendants Chart below which display the whole of that generation as known. The member of that generation is linked to the next member of the tree below so that you can run down the Descendants Charts. You can also return to the top of the tree from each Chart.

William Symons (bef.1670-c.1727) m. Mary TRAHER (bef.1670- ?)
Francis #1 Symons (1694- ?) m. Ann POWELL (1699- ?)
Francis #2 Symons (1734-1795) m. Elizabeth MORLEN (MURLAIN) (1744-1797)
Francis #3 Symon(d)s (1773-1825) m. Agnes GUMMOW (1766- ?)
Francis #4 Symonds (1796-1885) m.1 Kitty FRANCIS (1798-1838)
Francis #4 Symonds (1796-1885) m.2 Mrs. Thomasine COAD nee CROCKER (1808-1861)
John Symonds (1841-1913) m. Amelia CAUST (1854-1942)
Wybert Milton Caust Symonds (1897-1984) m. Daphne Jean WHITE (1899-1968)
John Lloyd Symonds (1923- ) m. Marian Mary PEARCE (1925- )

It is likely that the preparation of the Descendants Charts in this form will take some time but they will be presented as soon as they have been expanded.

Descendants Chart 1

The chart that follows gives information about William Symons and his only known son; there may have been other children but none have been found.

SYMONS, William (bef.1670-c.1727) - Yeoman farmer and Innkeeper? Ladock CON ENG
|		Birth: No parentage or birth found, estimated before 1670
|				from marriage and death records.
|		Buried: 5/01/1728, Ladock Parish Churchyard (no trace of tombstone).
|	Married: TRAHER, Mary (bef.1670-1737) at St Newlyn Parish Church, 30 Dec 1690
	1. SYMONS, Francis #1 (1691- ?) - Yeoman farmer, 	Fairmoor,  Ladock CON ENG
	|	Born at Ladock CON ENG, baptised at Ladock Parish Church 22/09/1694
	|	His death has not been found in any records as he and his family may have moved.
	|Married POWELL, Ann (c.1698- ?) at Kenwyn Parish Church, Kenwyn CON ENG
	|	Baptised at Kenwyn Parish Church, Kenwyn, 14 Jan 1698/99
	|	Her death not found for same reason as that of her husband.

Descendants Chart 2

The next chart begins with Francis #1 Symons who is No.1 in the above chart, the only known child of WIlliam and Mary Symons. He acquired farm land in Fairmoor, just north of Ladock village, with rights to passage through the Manor estate nearby.

SYMONS, Francis #1 (1691- ?) - Yeoman farmer, Fairmoor,  Ladock CON ENG
	|Married: POWELL, Ann (c.1698- ?) at Kenwyn Parish Church, Kenwyn CON ENG
		1. SIMONS, Jane (c.1727- ?)
		|	Baptised at Ladock Parish Church, Ladock CON ENG, 11 Oct 1727
		2. SIMONS, Peter (c.1729- ?)
		|	Baptised at Ladock Parish Church, Ladock CON ENG, 14 Jul 1729
		3. SIMONS, William (c.1731- ?)
		|	Baptised at Ladock Parish Church, Ladock CON ENG, 12 Nov 1731
		4. SIMONS (SYMONS or SYMONDS), Francis #2 (c.1734-1795)
		|		- Yeoman farmer, Innkeeper, Tin Bounder	[Back to Tree Top]
		|	Baptised at Ladock Parish Church, Ladock CON ENG, 27 May 1734
		|	Died at Indian Queens Inn, St Columb Major CON ENG, 17 Jun 1795
		|	Buried at St Enoder Parish Church, St Enoder CON ENG
		|Married: MORLEN (MURLAIN), Elizabeth (c.1744-1797)
		|		at St Columb Major Parish Church CON ENG, 5 Sep 1765
		|	Born possibly at St Stephens in Brannel about 1744
		|	Died at Indian Queens Inn, St Columb Major CON ENG, 19 Jan 1797
		|	Buried at St Enoder Parish Church, St Enoder CON ENG

Descendants Chart 3

Francis #2 Symons (Symonds), fourth in the above chart, disappeared from view for several years and it is probable that his father Francis #1 had moved from the Fairmoor farm to somewhere around the St Enoder or St Columb Major Parishes. Francis #2 reappeared on records when he married Elizabeth Morlen at St Columb Major Parish Church. He was the person who built and operated the Indian Queen Inn from about 1770 or so.

SYMONS (SIMONS or SYMONDS), Francis #2 (c.1734-1795) - Yeoman farmer, Innkeeper, Tin Bounder
	|Married: MORLEN (MURLAIN), Elizabeth (c.1744-1797)
	|	at St Columb Major Parish Church CON ENG, 5 Sep 1765
	1. SIMONS, Ann (c.1767-  )
	|	Baptised at St Columb Major Parish Church on 8 Mar 1967
	|	Married 1: CLEMOW, Phillip (c.1761- ? ) at St Columb Major Parish
	|        Church, 22 Dec 1783
	|	Married 2: PEARCE, Thomas at St Enoder Parish Church 8 Feb 1798
	2. SIMONS, William (c.1769-  )
	|	Baptised at St Columb Major Parish Church 2 April 1769 
	3. SIMONS, Peter (c.1771-1772)
	|	Baptised at St Columb Major Parish Church on 21 April 1771
	|	Died and buried at St Enoder Parish Church on 21 April 1772
	4. SIMONS, Francis #3 (c.1773-   ) [Back to Tree Top]
	|	Baptised at St Columb Major Parish Church 13 June 1773
	|	Died at Nankervis Farm, St Enoder CON ENG 1 Aug 1825
	|	Buried at St Enoder Parish Church Aug 1825
	|Married: GUMMOW, Agnes (1766-after 1825?) at St Enoder Parish Church, 5 Sep 1795
	|	Baptised at St Enoder Parish Church on 28 Feb 1766
	|	Possibly died at St Newlyn East CON ENG after 1825
	5. SIMONS, Elizabeth (c.1775-  )
	|	Born about 1775 at Indian Queen Inn, St Columb Major CON ENG
	|Married: PENTECOST, James of Probus CON at St Columb Major Parish Church 5 Aug 1826
		1. PENTECOST, Jane
		|	Baptised 24 Feb 1826
		2. PENTECOST, James
		|	Baptised 7 Mar 1829
		3. PENTECOST, Agnes
		|	Baptised 29 Jul 1832
		4. PENTECOST, William
		|	Baptised 11 Oct 1835
	6. SIMONS (SYMONDS), John (c.1778-1830) - Innkeeper of The Indian Queens Inn
	|	Baptised at St Columb Major Parish Church on 12 Jul 1778
	|	Died at Indian Queen Inn, St Columb Major on 2 Aug 1830
	|	Buried at St Enoder Parish Church Aug 1830
	|Married: SPINKS, Margaret (1775-1837) of Truro at St Columb Major
	|   Parish Church on 2 Feb 1797
	|	Born Truro about 1775
	|	Died at Indian Queens Inn on 8 Jan 1837 and buried at St Enoder Parish Church
	|	1. SYMONS, John (1797-1797), born at Truro CON ENG
	|	2. SYMONS, John Spinks (c.1798- ?), born at Truro
	|	3. SYMONS, Thomas Spinks (c.1798- ?)
	|	4. SYMONS, Francis Spinks (c.1802-1857) - Coachman then Innkeeper
	|      at The Indian Queens Inn
	|	Married: SYMONS, Agness (c.1800-1855), 1st cousin, dau. of Francis #3 Symons
	|		1. SYMONDS, William Gummow (1822-1840),
	|			drowned in a boat off Falmouth Harbour.
	|		2. SYMONDS, Elizabeth (1824- ?)
	|		3. SYMONDS, John Spinks (1826- ?)
	|		4. SYMONDS, Thomas Spinks (1828- ?)
	|		5. SYMONDS, Francis Spinks (1828- ?)
	7. SIMONS, Jane (c.1780-  )	
	|	Baptised at St Columb Major Parish Church on 27 Apr 1780
	|Married: HUGO, William (1775-1848) - Miller - on 28 Oct 1796
	|		1. HUGO, Elizabeth (c.1802- ?)
	|		2. HUGO, Mary (c.1804- ?)
	|		3. HUGO, William (c.1804- ?)
	|		4. HUGO, Simon (c.1808- ?)
	|		5. HUGO, Ann Symons (before 1819- ?)

[Back to Tree Top]

Descendants Chart 4

It is likely that Francis #3 Symons was working on a farm in the St Wenn Parish, probably the Tregolls Farm which could have been leased by his father Francis #2 while operating the Indian Queen Inn. Agnes Gummow must have been working in the St Wenn Parish as well because both she and Francis #3 were recorded as resident in St Wenn Parish when they married at St Enoder Parish Church. After their marriage, they were definitely at Tregolls Farm near St Wenn as their children were all baptised at the St Wenn Parish Church, and remained there until about 1810.


SYMONS, Francis #3 (c.1773-1825) - Yeoman farmer
	|Married: GUMMOW, Agnes (c.1766-aft.1825) at St Enoder Parish Church, St Enoder CON ENG
	1. SYMONS (SYMONDS), Francis #4 (1796-1885) -
	| Farmer, Parish Churchwarden (St Enoder),
	| Parawirra District Council member,
	| then Chairman at Chain of Ponds South Australia
	|	Born Tregolls Farm, St Wenn CON ENG
	|	Died Chain of Ponds, South Australia on 13 Mar 1885
	|	Buried Philp Town Cemetery, Chain of Ponds SAUS on 15 Mar 1885
	|Married 1: FRANCIS, Kitty (1798-1838)
	|Married 2: COAD, Mrs Thomasine nee CROCKER (c.1808-1861)
	2. SYMONS, William Gomar (c.1798-1877)
	|	Born Tregolls Farm, St Wenn CON ENG
	|	Died at Ballarat VIC AUS on 22 Sep 1877	
	|Married: BASSETT, Elizabeth (c.1800-c.1875) about 1823
	|
	3. SYMONS, Elizabeth (c.1799- ?)
	|
	4. SYMONS, Agness (c.1800-1855) - See Francis Spinks Symons for marriage
	|
	5. SYMONS, Chatren (c.1802- ?)
	|
	6. SYMONS, Julia (c.1803- ?)
	|
	7. SIMMONDS, Ann (c.1805- ?)
	|

[Back to Tree Top]

Descendants Chart 5a

Francis #4 Symonds was born and raised at Tregolls Farm in St Wenn Parish. When his parents moved from Tregolls in about 1810, it is not clear where they went initially but they were likely to have been in St Enoder Parish where eventually they were running the Nankervis Farm at the SE side of the Parish. Francis #3 died in 1825 and his son took over the farming operations. Francis #3 had been a Churchwarden at St Enoder Parish Church before his death and Francis #4 became one also in about 1830.

SYMONS (SYMONDS), Francis #4 (1796-1885)
	|Details in Descendants Chart 4 above	
	|Married 1: FRANCIS, Kitty (1798-1838)
	|	The following five children were all born at Nankervis Farm
	|	and baptised at St Enoder Parish Church, St Enoder CON ENG.
	|	1. SYMONDS, Lavinia Frances (1828-1914)
	|		Married on 8 Jul 1852: BRADHURST, George (c1827-c1900) 
	|	2. SYMONDS, Francis Francis (1829-1907)
	|		Married 1 in 1856: SCOTT, Catherine (c1838-1867)
	|		Married 2 in 1857: HICKS, Caroline (c1844-1867)
	|		Married 3 in 1869: NASH, Anastasia (c1839-1891)
	|	3. SYMONDS, William Gummow (1831-1900)
	|		Married 1: HEALY, Jane
	|		Married 2 in 1878: FARRELL, Catherine (c1853-1879)
	|		Married 3 in 1881: SCANLON, Mary (?-1896)
	|	4. SYMONDS, Thyrza (1834-1914)
	|		Married on 16 Feb 1861: JAY, William (1836-1911)
	|	5. SYMONDS, Ellen (1836-after 1874)
	|		Married 1 in 1853: DOBSON, Frederick James (1835-1866)
	|		Married 2 in 1871: PHILP, John (c1834-?)

Although not yet confirmed, there are records which would indicate that Kitty Symonds was in St Gluvias when she gave birth to twins, Francis Edward Hockey Symonds and Kitty Smith Symonds. It is not known if the twins survived as there is no family information about them nor any records found. They were baptised at St Gluvias on 17 Sep 1837. Their mother, Kitty, died soon afterwards at Nankervis Farm, St Enoder on 9 Feb 1838.

Descendants Chart 5b

Francis #4 had five living children when his wife Kitty died in 1838, the eldest being Lavinia who was ten years old. He married again on 20 May 1839 to Mrs Thomasine Coad who had not long since lost her husband in a riding accident. She had one child, James Coad, who was surrounded by children in his own age group, being between the age of Lavinia Frances and Francis Francis. By 1848, Francis had decided that the family would emigrate to South Australia. He arranged the sale of the lease of Nankervis Farm. All thirteen of the family embarked on the Navarino at Plymouth and the ship weighed anchor on 3 August 1848, arriving at Port Adelaide in South Australia on 10 November 1848 after a 99 day passage.

Having survived the long sea voyage and the excitement of the arrival in a new country, young Henry became seriously ill and died on December 17, 1848. Official records state that he succumbed to inflammation of the brain which possibly was some form of meningitis or encephalitis in our modern terms. Not a happy first Christmas for the family! However, the size of the family was renewed when Thomasine was delivered of another son, Joseph, in first quarter of 1850.

SYMONDS (SYMONS), Francis #4 (1796-1885)
	|Married 2: COAD, Mrs Thomasine nee CROCKER (c.1808-1861)
	|	The first five children were born at Nankervis Farm
	|	and baptised at St Enoder Parish Church CON ENG.
	|	Joseph was born in South Australia and died in Victoria.
	|	1. SYMONDS, Amy (1840-1915)
	|		Married on 13 May 1862: CAUST, William (1840-1918)
	|	2. SYMONDS, John (1841-1913)
	|		Married on 21 Apr 1883: CAUST, Amelia (1854-1942)
	| 	3. SYMONDS, Henry (1843-1848)
	|	4. SYMONDS, Thomas (1844-1904)
	|		Married on 16 Nov 1865: CAUST, Sarah Jane (1845-c1927)
	|	5. SYMONDS, Charles (1846-1940)
	|		Married on 15 Oct 1884: WILLIAMS, Emma Frances (c1852-1924)
	|	6. SYMONDS, Joseph(1850-1886)

[Back to Tree Top]

For more about the Caust family, go to the Caust Family Story


For Family Historians

While this family tree is in outline only, much of the detailed material is on computer files. Should any descendants of the above members of this family tree be interested in more detail, an arrangement for any specific area to be provided as a GEDCOM file could be sought by sending an email to John Symonds. The response to the email would be quick but the preparation of the section of GEDCOM file would take longer. Depending on the mode of transmission, there may be a small charge if postal delivery has to be used.
There are also copies available of the 256 page Symonds family history book Which Francis Symonds? Cornish Oak or Australian Eucalypt?.
For details and costs, contact John Symonds by email, fax, telephone or post:
	Email:	jlsymo@ozemail.com.au
	Fax:	(02) 9527-4557 (Australia) or 61 2 9527 4557 (international)
	Tel:	(02) 9523-2247 (Australia) or 61 2 9523 2247 (international)
	Post:	14, Taloombi Street, Cronulla NSW 2230, Australia
	


Return to [Symonds Home Page][Symonds Story Part 1][Symonds Story Part 2]
Forward to [Symonds Story Part 4]
[Five Generations of Cornish Maternal Ancestors - Part 5]
[The Caust Family Story]


The initial section of the Symonds family tree was prepared by John Symonds on 28 December 1996. Last modified 3 April 2000.