These are my notes on how I got to an interpretation of a dance.

Esperans A dance for 3 [steps no.1, music no. 8]

3 Trace: Al the 6 singlis with a trett. Then the fyrst man goo compas till he come behend, whil the medyll retrett thre, and the last 3 singlis, and the medil 3 singlis, leyng the last on the left hand, and the last 3 retretts. Thus the medill endyth before the last in the meddist and the ferst gehynd. Thus daunce 3 tymes, callyng every man as he standdith.
3 After the trace, the ferst 3 furth outward turnyng ayen his face. Then the last contur hym, and the medill to the fyrste; and then the first to his place. Then the last to the medyll and the medyll to the last mans place.
1 The first and last change place whil the medyll tornyth.
1 Al at onys retrett 3 bake. Bak al at ons.
1 Then the first turne whill the last turne in (in) his own place.
1 Then al togeder thre furth.

Music

I have some problems with the barring in this music. The sectional bars are as in the original and represent the sections in the dance. The other bars are editorial and are not consistent. In the photocopies of David Fallows work I have had trouble telling the difference between a half and quarter note when they occur on a line. Problems occur: -

BarsPossible answer
7-8bar line in wrong place
12Half note not quarter note
15-16As per 7-8
17-18ditto
21This one I have not figured out

The music has been broken up into 7 sections. The first two have three repeats each. Then the next 3 have 2 bars and the last two have 3 bars. The dance description only has 6 sections.

If the fourth section "Al at onys retrett 3 bake. Bak al at ons." is actually two sections of three bars each then we have matching numbers of sections.

Note:Katrina Hunt has reinterpreted the original and I use her version here.

Trials of this dance have been conducted at speeds of dotted half note equal 35 and 70. We have endeded up with a dotted half note equal to 55 as the best speed.

Dance

What is the orientation of this dance? It appears as if it will work with the three people side by side or one behind the other.

Trace

Trace: Al the 6 singlis with a trett. Then the fyrst man goo compas till he come behend, whil the medyll retrett thre, and the last 3 singlis, and the medil 3 singlis, leyng the last on the left hand, and the last 3 retretts. Thus the medill endyth before the last in the meddist and the ferst gehynd. Thus daunce 3 tymes, callyng every man as he standdith.

This section of music consists of 9 bars repeated 3 times. All together the steps calls for 4 repeats unless the first sentence tells what steps to do while the second part tells the pattern.

Since there are three bars left after the six singles the trett must take three bars in this dance. In all the following interpretations the trett is being treated as three singles forward until someone can come up with a better explanation. Note in Temperans and Northumberland he states that a trett is "e;3 singlis with a stop"e;.

I first thought that this looked similar to a pattern we had tried for Negri"e;s "e;Il Gratioso"e;. We also tried it in the style of an English Country dance but in neither case did what we try fit exactly what appears to be said.

In the first 6 singles A moves to forth place while B and C change places twice. The trett is then used to "advance" one place. Ie B to first etc. This works both side by side and one behind the other. Each repeat is done the same with the person in first place doing the move to last place etc.

If it is one behind the other then the changing places could be either like a do-si-do where 2 does not turn round, or he turns and does a three single siding (Politarchopolis sidings). Start by passing right shoulders & leave on the left shoulder.

So first time through A=First, B=Second, C=Third
First Bars 1-6 LRLRLR
6 singles to 4th place going down right side of the others
Second Bars 1-3 LRL
turn right with the first single and
turn (right) to face front with third single
passing third person by the right shoulder
Bars 4-6 RLR
forward 3 singles back to place passing left shoulders.
Third Bars 1-3 LRL
3 singles forward turning right on the third single to face back
Bars 4-6 RLR
3 singles back to place turning left on the sixth to face front.
All Bars 7-9 LRL
move forward one place.

Second time through is on the opposite foot so left and right are changed everywhere. B=First, C=Second and A=Third

Third time through is the same as the first with C=First, A=Second, and B=Third.

Part Two

After the trace, the ferst 3 furth outward turnyng ayen his face. Then the last contur hym, and the medill to the fyrste; and then the first to his place. Then the last to the medyll and the medyll to the last mans place.

There are 4 bars of music repeated 3 times.

The first sentence suggests that there might be four singles with the first three being used by the first man to move out of the way of the second man who is moving to his place.
May be from
. 1 2 3 .with two singles
to1 2 . . 3with two singles
to. 1 3 2 .

In the trace it is stated that the repeats are done "callyng every man as he standdith." Which in this part would go from
1 2 3
to1 3 2after one time through
to1 2 3then to finish
1 3 2.

Which appears a little odd.

Unless at the end of the first repeat everyone ends up facing the other way. Then the repeats are done so that each person does the cast to place in turn and the order ends up as 3 2 1. Which with the next part would put everyone back in their place.

This would have this section go like this:-
Each repeat is 4 singles, RLRL.
First repeatA turns in a circle in his own place, going forward (to get out of the other's way) and turning towards the left
Bgoes right casting out to third place
Cgoes right turning round in the first two singles then goes to second place.
Second repeatB turns in a circle in his current place (ie third place), forward and turning towards the left
Agoes right casting out to second place
Bgoes right turning round in the first two singles then goes to first place.
Third repeatC turns in a circle in his current place (ie first place), forward and turning towards the left
Agoes right casting out to third place
Bgoes right turning round in the first two singles then goes to second place.

In this last repeat the next part works best if C ends facing the other two.

Part 3

The first and last change place whil the medyll tornyth.

If a turn take two bars, like it does in an ECD turn single, then this probably section probably takes two bars.

The outer couple change place with a double right, while the middle person does a right turn on the spot. This gets everyone back in place.

Parts 4 and 5

Al at onys retrett 3 bake. Bak al at ons.

All back three singles (LRL) then 3 singles back (RLR) to place. Or maybe, a trett back (L) and forward (R).

Again the next part works better if person A turns around and ends facing the others.

Part 6

Then the first turne whill the last turne in (in) his own place.

First turns second with a left double, while third does a left turn single.

Part 7

Then al togeder thre furth.

3 singles forward (RLR), or maybe a trett (R).


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