SANDAL FROM JUDEA, 1st CENT.
SANDAL FROM SAALBURG GERMANY, 2nd CENT.
1. Trace around your foot to make sole pattern. Cut two layers from thick leather for the sole of each foot.
2. Cut strapwork from thinner leather (thick leather bootlaces make good thongs for the Judean sandal).
3. In the upper layer, make two parallel slits for the toe strap between the big toe and second toe. Insert the toe strap in roughly the right position.
4. Choose a nailing pattern. NOTE! the nails placed underneath the foot only go through the BOTTOM layer. Cut the points off some large headed tacks so they are JUST long enough to go through the bottom sole. With an anvil or solid metal surface underneath, hammer the tacks in your chosen pattern over the bottom sole, so that the points bend over and keeps them in place.
5. The nailing around the edges hold the layers together. Cut some more tacks so that they are ALMOST long enough to pass through the two sole layers.
6. Assemble the top and bottom soles, sandwiching the instep ends of the straps between. Try it on and adjust the positions of the straps until you get a snug fit. Mark the correct positions and lengths, or use a little glue to keep everything in position while you nail the soles together.
7. Hammer in tacks closely spaced all around the edge. As you get near the front give the toe strap a final adjustment if necessary.
8. The toes strap should hold in place by friction. If it came loose, the Romans inserted a small leather plug through the layers to fix it.
RECONSTRUCTIONS BY BIRKA TRADERS.
SANDALS FROM MAINZ GERMANY, 2nd-3rd CENT.
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