By Peter Beatson - NVG Miklagard

Figure 1 - Northern Europe, showing sites mentioned in the text. Triangle = sites where remains of woven bands have been found; o = other sites.

Figure 2 - Widths of 'wickelbander', from Table 1. The average is around 9 cm.

Figure 3 - Pattern diagrams of weaves used in 'wickelbander', see also Table 1. Black = warp thread, white = weft thread. The warp runs 'down' the page. Arrows = reversals. a. 2/2 broken warp chevron twill. b. 2/1 warp chevron twill. c. 2/2 warp chevron twill with matching repeats. d. 2/2 broken lozenge twill. e. 2/2 diagonal twill. f. 1/1 tabby (plain weave). g. weaver's nomenclature for spin directions of thread.

Figure 4 - Thread counts of 'wickelbander' in published reports, showing warp:weft ratio, and cloth quality, which is assessed according to Hägg (1984).

Figure 5 - Number of warp threads betwen reversals (see also Fig. 3) in 'wickelbander' woven in warp chevron twill of different grades of fineness (warp threads per cm). The frequency of reversals does not particularly depend on the fineness of the cloth, indicating that a particular width of 'zig-zag' was probably not sought.

Figure 6 - Weaving pattern (incomplete) of a 'wickelband' from 16-22 Coppergate, York (from Walton 1989). It seems there was no attempt at making regular reversals during weaving of this piece.

Figure 7 - a. Simple selvedge, top view. b. 'Tubular' selvedge of Finnish leg wraps, cross section through warp (from Kvhoschchinskaia 1992).

Figure 8 - Art evidence for fastenings of 'wickelbander': The three Magi, from 'Benedictional of St. Aethelwold', Anglo-Saxon 971-984AD (from Willett and Cunnington 1960).

Figure 9 - Art evidence for fastenings of 'wickelbander': Duke William, two scenes from the Bayeux 'Tapestry', ?Anglo-Saxon c.1075 (from Rud 1988).

Figure 10 - End tassel, made of coils of bronze wire threaded onto woolen threads, for a tablet woven garter band from Eura Luistari, Finland 10th cent. (from Lehtosalo-Hilander 1982).

Figure 11 - a. Pair of bronze hooks in situ under the kneecaps of a male skeleton, Birka grave Bj903, Sweden 10th cent. (from Arbman 1940-43). b. A similar bronze hook from 'Ryurik Gorodische', near Novgorod, 9-10th cent. (from Nosov 1987).

Figure 12 - A pair of silver hooks from the knee region of the burial in grave 67 (sex unknown) at Winchester, England mid-late 9th century (from Biddle 1990).

Figure 13 - Garter set from grave 1058 (male) at Lejre, Denmark, c.900AD (Andersen 1993). a. Gilt and silvered bronze buckle, strap retainer, and strap end from left leg. b. Reconstruction of garter (from Andersen 1969). c. How they may have been worn (from Birkeback 1982) .

Figure 14 - Garter sets from graves 850 and 979 (sexes uncertain) at Lejre, Denmark, Viking age (Andersen 1993). Grave 850 - iron buckles, strap retainer, and strap ends, Viking age. Grave 979 - iron strap ends (other parts present but not shown) . The strap ends are simply made of folded iron strips.

Back to - Published Viking Age textiles identified as 'Wickelbander'
References for - Published Viking Age textiles identified as 'Wickelbander'

This Page was Created By Roy Pickton A Member of - NVG Miklagard