This is one of several pages relating to the history of the automatic totalizator, its invention in 1913, the inventor George Julius and the Australian company he founded in 1917 which became a monopoly (later an oligopoly) in this field. This page contains pool definitions extracted from the 1989 ATL diary. This is a history only non commercial page. If you wish to start from the beginning then go to the index .

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Pool definitions from the 1989 ATL diary

Introduction

Nick D'Angelo, a long serving system manager at ATL, asked me in the year 2000, two takeovers since ATL, if I could include the pool definitions from the ATL diary on the internet. He had been asked a question about a pool and remembered that this was always a useful reference.

I have intended to present this extract on the internet for some time, Nick's request has prompted me to action! Regarding this diary, staff members at ATL and selected customers received a copy each year. Each senior staff member would have their name printed on the front of the diary along with the company logo making a personalised copy. This was clever psychology on the company's behalf as this small gesture strengthened ones sense of belonging and commitment in a time when alternative employment was plentiful.

Note that all these definitions were made in 1989 and details may be outdated.

win pool

The win pool is used internationally and pay out is only on the winning horse.

place pool

The place pool in Australia, New Zealand, and South East Asia, is a pool which pays out on the first 3 horses in fields of 8 or more starters and two horses for fields of 5, 6 or 7 starters. In South Africa dividends are paid when the field is 14 or greater but in other respects it is the same as described above. In North America the place pool is fixed at two dividends for all fields of 5 or more. In Hong Kong, dividends are paid to the first 3 horses in field of 7 or more starters and 2 horses in fields of 4,5 or 6 starters.

special place pools

In Thailand where win and place are the usual betting pools, special place pools are operated for fields of less than 8 starters instead of the normal place pool. A forecast pool is operated with 3, 4 and 5 starters and a compound show pool with 6 or 7 starters. For Forecast an investor must select the first two places in correct order and for compound show the investor must select any two of the first 3 places in any order.

Note that all these definitions were made in 1989 and details may be outdated.

place accumulator pool

The place accumulator is operated in South Africa. It is conducted on 6 or 7 races and the investor must select a placed horse in each of the nominated races. The rules for a placed horse are the same as the place pools regulations with the exception that when there are less than 5 starters, only the winner ranks for a place.

big quiniela pool

The big quiniela pool is conducted on two selected races in North America. The investor has to select the winning Quiniela combinations for both races.

big exacta pool

The big exacta pool is conducted on two selected races in North America. The investor has to select the winning Exacta combination for both races.

combinada pool

The combinada pool in Buenos Aires operates like the quinella pool in races with a maximum field of 7 starters.

Note that all these definitions were made in 1989 and details may be outdated.

combine pool

The combine pool operated in North America combines a win, place and show bet on the one ticket. If the horse comes in first, second or third the appropriate dividends are paid.

correcta pool

The correcta pool in North America operates like the forecast pool.

descarte pool

The descarte pool is used in South America only and is similar to a win pool after the favourite, as decided by public opinion or as elected by the Stewards, is scratched from this pool for the purpose of betting only. The winner in a descarte pool is the first horse past the post, other than the favourite.

Note that all these definitions were made in 1989 and details may be outdated.

double pool

The double pool is conducted on two races, the investor having to select the winner of both. In some cases, it is necessary to nominate the two horses when investing but in certain countries, such as New Zealand, a reinvestment double pool is operated where a ticket is purchased on the first leg of the double and, if successful, the ticket is exchanged for a ticket on any horse in the second leg. In Hong Kong, besides a dividend is paid to investors who have selected the winner of both races, there is also a consolation dividend paid to first leg coupled with the second horse on the second leg.

dupla pool

The dupla pool in Brazil is a combination of the quinella and forecast pools with the field bracketed down to 5 groups. Each of these groups combined with itself and the other four groups gives a total of 15 combinations on which to bet. In South Africa this pool operates like the quinella pool.

exacta pool

The exacta pool in North America operates like the forecast pool.

forecast pool

The forecast pool in Malaysia operates like the quinella pool for large fields. In Australia or where the fields are small, this pool is like a correct order quinella pool where the two starters selected must come first and second for a payout.

Note that all these definitions were made in 1989 and details may be outdated.

5's and 6's pool

The 5's and 6's pool in South America operates like the jackpot pool.

jackpot pool

The jackpot pool is operated in South Africa, England, India and in New Zealand and is conducted on one race meeting. An investor is required to select the winner of a certain number of nominated races. The number of winners varies between countries but generally it is between 4 and 6 winners.

jumele pool

The jumele pool in France operates like the quinella pool.

koppel pool

The koppel pool in Holland operates like the quinella pool and is as per the forecast pool for small fields.

llave pool

The llave pool is used for betting on Jai-Alai in the Philippines. Llave is similar to the forecast pool. In addition to the normal dividend on the first two places, payout is also on the first and third places.

Note that all these definitions were made in 1989 and details may be outdated.

mutuel pool

The mutuel pool in Venezuela is a forecast pool with the field bracketed down to 6 groups giving 30 combinations to bet on in each race. The bracketing is carried out in a manner similar to that of the dupla pool.

perfecta pool

The perfecta pool in North America operates like the forecast pool.

quadrella pool

The quadrella pool is operated in Australia and is conducted on four selected races. The horses in the field are bracketed down in a set pattern to a group of nine. The investor has to select the winner of each race in the four groups. This pool is not operated on a re-investment basis, the selections being made at the one time.

quartet pool

The quartet pool in Hong Kong is conducted on one nominated race. The investor is required to select 4 starters in the correct order in which they will pass the post.

Note that all these definitions were made in 1989 and details may be outdated.

quinella pool

The quinella pool normally operates on any number of starters and bets are lodged on combinations on any two horses in one race. The winning tickets are those which show the numbers of the first two horses past the winning post in either order. This pool is operated in many countries under different names.

quiniela pool

The quiniela pool in North America is identical to the quinella pool.

double quinella pool

The double quinella pool in Hong Kong is conducted on two nominated races. The investor has to select the first and second horses in either order in the two nominated races.

double trio pool

In Hong Kong is conducted on two nominated races. The investor has to select the first three horses in any order in the two nominated races.

six up pool

The six up pool operated in Hong Kong is conducted on six nominated races. The investor has to select the first or second horse in each of the nominated races. However, if a race has 3 or less starters, the investor is then required to select the winner for that race. An additional amount, called six up bonus, is paid to an investor who has selected the winners in each of the six nominated races.

Note that all these definitions were made in 1989 and details may be outdated.

show pool

The show pool in North America is the same as the Australian place pool and is normally a three dividend pool. A show pool does not operate on fields under 5 starters in North America.

superfecta pool

The superfecta pool is conducted on one selected race in North America. An investor has to select the exact order of finish of the first, second, third or fourth horses.

swinger pool

The swinger pool is a variation of the quinella pool where the investor must select two runners to finish in the first three place positions. Three combinations in this pool qualify for dividends each race.

tierce pool

The tierce pool operated on French and Hong Kong racetracks is conducted on one race. The investor is required to select 3 starters in the correct order in which they will pass the post. There is a great number of combinations in this pool and dividends are high particularly when the fields are large. In France, to avoid this large amount of money going to a few investors, consolation dividends are declared. These usually apply to investors who have the tickets with the first three horses printed thereon but not in the right order past the post.

Note that all these definitions were made in 1989 and details may be outdated.

treble pool

The treble pool is conducted on three nominated or any three selected races and payment is made for the selection of the winner of each race.

triella pool

The triella pool is operated on three selected races. The investor must select the winning quinella combinations of the three races.

trifecta pool

The trifecta pool operates in Australia and North America. The investor is required to select three placegetters in one race in the correct finishing order.

trio pool

The trio pool operates in Australia and Holland. The investor is required to select the three placegetters in one race in any order.

twin pool

The twin pool in Lebanon operates like the quinella pool.

Note that all these definitions were made in 1989 and details may be outdated.

Acknowledgements



Fancy Line



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