This is one of several pages relating to the history of the automatic totalizator, a system that facilitates galloping trotting and greyhound racing betting, its invention in 1913, the inventor George Julius and the Australian company he founded in 1917 which became a monopoly ( later an oligopoly ) in this field. This page provides information on the mobile totalizator developed by the company Automatic Totalisators. If you wish to start from the beginning then go to the index

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The Julius Premier Totemobile

This is an extract from a sales booklet circa 1949 titled The Julius Premier TOTEMOBILE A Product of AUTOMATIC TOTALISATORS LIMITED

A MESSAGE TO PROVINCIAL AND COUNTRY RACE CLUB COMMITTEES

This is the story of the "Totemobile" - a mobile totalizator designed and manufactured by Automatic Totalisators Limited, whose Julius "Premier" fixed and portable equipment has established a world-wide reputation for efficiency and service to racing clubs and the betting public.
A Mobile system Image of two mobile totes

We offer for use by clubs - whether galloping, trotting or coursing - a completely mobile unit providing the ultimate in totalizator service. It embodies more than 30 years of research based on wide experience in the totalizator field, both technical and operational, all over the world. It is precision engineered in the most modern and up-to-date plant in Australia - a plant devoted solely to totalizator manufacture.

The "Totemobile" is designed for movement to, and setting up on, provincial and country racetracks, where either the frequency of meetings or the volume of business does not warrant expenditure upon a fixed machine.

A proof of the efficiency and reputation of the equipment incorporated in this mobile unit is that the majority of fully automatic totalisators in use throughout the world to-day are Julius "Premier" totalizators.

It is appreciated that it is not possible for many provincial or country clubs to purchase an automatic totalisator, and we believe that, in offering this most modern mobile unit, we will provide a long-awaited opportunity for clubs to obtain continuous and satisfactory revenue, particularly with a view to increasing prize money and improving course facilities for their supporters.

The needs of the provincial club prompted research on and the subsequent development of the "Totemobile" by this Company, nevertheless the interest which has been shown in it by the smaller urban clubs has demonstrated its great potentiality to all clubs, irrespective of their location, which do not feel disposed to invest in a fixed installation.

The advantage to clubs and district associations from the use of the "Premier Totemobile" lies in the facility by which it enables the transfer from course to course within a circuit. The resultant regular movement will induce a following body of owners and trainers with their horses, who otherwise may not be inclined to consistent support unless the meetings are so arranged in conjunction with the regular operation of a mobile unit.

The unit is housed in a semi-trailer of streamlined design with full space for machine, staff and working area, and is powered by a diesel-engined prime mover. By means of a special chassis of our own design, the selling windows are brought down to a normal level, thus avoiding the inconvenience associated with other equipment which although mobile makes no real provision for convenient betting.

Electric power for the "Totemobile" is provided from dual engine-driven generating equipment housed in a subsidiary vehicle, which forms an integral part of the mobile equipment. This vehicle also provides storage facilities and quarters for the engineers permanently in attendance.

Of particular interest is the fact that with prime mover removed and detachable skirts fitted, the mobile unit takes on the appearance of a fixed building, thus engendering that extra confidence and satisfaction on the part of the betting public which can never be present to the same extent with obviously transportable equipment.

The "Totemobile" is designed for ticket selling on either side of the main unit with instantaneous odds indication to give up-to-the-second betting information. As required, dividends may be paid on one or the other side of the unit, according to the volume of betting taking place.

At the rear of the main unit an enquiry window is provided at which the manager may be interviewed. The great flexibility arising out of the use of any pre-determined number of ticket issuing machines, even sixty such machines being a possibility, will be most apparent - facilities for Cup Day can be expanded at will.

We state with considerable certainty that the "Totemobile" not only fulfils every possible demand that may be made by the betting public and the clubs, and is backed by the only company in the world specialising in the complete manufacture and full operation of totalizator equipment, but also is available on a basis which will be more than attractive to clubs throughout the length and breadth of the country.

To those clubs using "box ticket machines," the "Totemobile" immediately avoids the heavy expenditure upon wasted pre-printed tickets, and also removes the constant concern of all clubs that these tickets may be misused or may assist any fraudulent action. It offers every facility and service which will be found in the large installations being adopted by leading metropolitan clubs and in fact brings a city machine right to your course.

Totemobile in operation Artists impression of a mobile tote in operation

Apart from this artists impression showing the mobile tote in operation, I was struck by how differently I viewd this image seeing it ten years after I first looked at it. It now looks decidedly dated which adds to the attraction of presenting it on a totalisator history site. After becoming accustomed to all the computer generated sales material it struck me as an oddity seeing something that was more artwork oriented. Back to the sales booklet

The Totemobile in operation for win, place and double betting. At each race meeting, a cover plate bearing the name of the appropriate raceclub is affixed above the selling windows.

The centre pages of this document contains the next seven paragraphs

We present to you the following basic advantages of this "Premier" Mobile equipment-

PUBLIC ATTRACTION

It will prove a substantial public attraction in itself.
It will greatly strengthen attendace figures.
With its permanent appearance when installed, it will gain the complete confidence of all concerned.

CLUB PRESTIGE

It will provide a race meeting, and the club conducting it, with that most desirable prestige and standing which are invariably present when a fixed automatic totalisator is in operation.

REVENUE

It will enable racing clubs to obtain revenue without undue business responsibilities and preparation, or financial risk.

ODDS IMPROVEMENT

It will cause a marked increase in the odds quoted by bookmakers when operating, and thereby assist in providing a better overall service to the public

INCREASED ENTRIES

Its effect in general upon owners and trainers from other areas will be quite marked. The automatic mobile totalisator attracts a consistent following of these important people.

FOCAL POINT ON COURSE

It will become the focal point of the course, particularly due to the up-to-the-minute odds indication, and to the other information and services which are supplied.

SKILLED OPERATION

The unit will be operated by skilled and experienced officials and thus the club will be able to avoid the difficulties and disadvantages of the old box-ticket machines. Gone will be the drudgery of pre-meeting planning and preparation in this regard.

The machine consists of three basic components:

  1. TICKET ISSUING MACHINES.
  2. AGGREGATING EQUIPMENT.
  3. ODDS INDICATION EQUIPMENT.

TICKET ISSUING MACHINES

J8 Ticket issuing machine Animation of J8 Ticket Issuing Machine / terminal

These are the very latest produced by the company, the fully streamlined "J8" model -- a predetermined number of which will issue tickets of denominations to be agreed upon by each Club within a circuit -- machines are available to sell tickets at one or two values as required. The chance of incorrect issues is greatly magnified when operators have too many possible combinations from which to select. For this reason we do not recommend the use of issuing machines selling tickets of more than two values, although this Company has available a three pool four value issuing machine designed to meet circumstances where such additional facilities are unavoidable.

Ticket issuing equipment, as well as offering Win and Place betting, includes, if necessary, provision for Double betting of the re-investment type, in which an investor purchases a ticket on his selection for the first leg and, if successful, exchanges it for his choice on the second.

On the matter of machine speed, all mechanical functions take place at a speed above the normal requirements of the betting public -- if required tickets can be issued at the rate of approximately 100 per minute.

No difficulties whatsoever arise from the scratching of accepted horses. It is mechanically impossible to issue tickets on such non-starters. As a further assistance in making the operation of the totalisator fraud-proof, a special code cylinder is utilised. This is changed automatically each race, without need of access to the issuing machines, and, of course, the advantages of printing tickets at the time each bet is made instead of having them pre-printed are enormous.

AGGREGATING EQUIPMENT

Mobile tote aggregating equipment image of an aggregator from mobile tote

This aggregator is a piece of equipment I have never seen. It performs the same function as the adders referred to in other sections of this website. I know nothing of how it works! This makes it intriguing and I just had to include the image.

This mechanism is accurate and compact and has a capacity to handle betting at a rate considerably in excess of maximum selling demands. Up to 24 starters can be catered for if required. The accuracy of the adding units and all other parts of the equipment is vital for the protection of the betting public, the club and this Company. Past and present "accuracy" records of Julius "Premier" equipment have never been approached, let alone equalled, by any other equipment.

As a check against the individual adding of bets on each starter which takes place on the adding units for all pools, there are also grand total adding units which record the total of all bets in each pool.

Betting will take place right up to barrier rise. Even then, because of the automatic nature of the equipment, dividend calculation will be completed immediately the winning jockeys have weighed in. This advantage will be fully appreciated by your club when it is realised that dividends will be returned to the public virtually within seconds of the correct weight signal.

ODDS INDICATING EQUIPMENT

I have not included the image of the odds indicator as it can clearly be seen above the selling windows on the side of the trailers in the images.

The company has perfected a number odds indicator of the shutter type, which instantaneously displays the odds during the course of betting. The bank of indicators will be clearly visible up to distances of some hundreds of feet and will provide your patrons with an excellent up-to-the-minute picture of the state of betting on the course.

It has been our experience over many years that, with the exception of unusually short-priced starters, the totalisator will show more favourable odds over those called by bookmakers, if standing. As all racing clubs are aware, the financial return to the club from the totalisator is vastly superior to that received from bookmakers, and the immediate indication of such favourable odds will attract more business to the totalisator.

The last page of this document reads

As the operation of the totlisator will be the Company's responsibility, the preparation of the records to be supplied to the controlling authorities by the club would be our task, although the payment of unclaimed dividends when necessary will have to be attended to by each club concerned.

In providing maximum service and to preserve the machine's reputation, the Company would be responsible for the entire mechanical and clerical operation of it, including the movement from course to course, so that the club's only responsibilities would be to arrange its meeting dates in the best interest of the circuit, and to have a suitable clear area upon the course on which the "Totemobile" would be located.

The terms under which the company may best operate the unit would of course be the subject of periodical agreement with the clubs or association. This scheme presents a unique opportunity as, without capital outlay or any pre-meeting responsibilities, all race clubs will be able to receive a remuneration based upon a predetermined percentage of the turnover.

It is with justifiable pride and confidence we suggest we be allowed to demonstrate this mobile unit to you, as it is our firm conviction that if provincial and country racing is to encourage and secure the consistent public support it deserves, the operation of this most modern totalisator -- the Julius "Premier Totamobile" -- on all courses is by far the surest means of achievement.

Enquiries from your club will receive our urgent and closest attention if addressed to:

AUTOMATIC TOTALISATORS LIMITED
MEADOWBANK NEW SOUTH WALES
AUSTRALIA



Image of racing horsesGo back to the index   Image of racing horsesGo to the bottom of the page

Mini Adder/Aggregator System image of a mini adder/aggregator system

This image is of a mini adder/aggregating system of the type used in mobile applications. The circular devices at the top of the right hand rack are scanners which are electromechanical time division multiplexers.

Mobile tote cutaway Internal view of mobile tote

The Mini Adder/Aggregator System shown two images above can be seen installed down the left hand end of the van in this Mobile tote cutaway image above. The back of this system is visible in the cutaway image but the two racks of equipment can clearly be seen in the mobile.

Warrnambool Totemobile image of a Totemobile in operation in Warrnambool

This is a photograph of a real mobile tote in action in Warrnambool in Victoria. The crowd density is reminiscent of scenes at metropolitan race meetings of this era. It seems to give credence to the assertion of the sales brochure, included under the heading "Focal Point On Course" above, about the totemobile becoming the focal point of the racetrack. I have enlarged and examined the sign section at the top centre of this totemobile in the high resolution copy of it and discovered the words "WARRNAMBOOL RACING CLUB" on the upper board and "APROXIMATE ODDS" on the lower wider board.

The previous and following images and their associated text does not belong to the document "The Julius Premier Totemobile" but is presented as examples of mobile systems.

The image shows a miniadder system inside a semitrailer which was built for the Melbourne Metropolitan Racetracks. It commenced operation in 1964. There were two 40 foot pantechnicon trucks which were fitted out as 24 starter win place only tote equipment and had a lot of innovative features with automatic hard printout for results and dividends and end of day summations. This system is of a different category to the other mobile systems presented so far. Unlike the others this system did not cater for small raceclubs but for large metropolitan raceclubs. Its mobile architecture allowed for this significant investment in hardware to be shared by 5 racetracks.

Miniadder system inside the semitrailer The Melbourne Metro Miniadder System.

Peter Collier who was the Chief Engineer in Victoria at the time made the following comment about this photo: It is actually a photo taken inside the van looking towards the rear. We had 2 of these vans servicing the Melboune metro tracks until they were replaced by the 11/40 computer vans in 1973. If I remember properly these vans were gutted and were reused for the Brisbane Sell/Pay system.

If Peter recalls correctly, these vans came to Brisbane and housed the PDP11/34 systems that I worked on for near a decade. There is a chapter in this website titled ATL The Brisbane Project, which covers the PDP11/34 totes in Brisbane. This is accessible from the index page which can be accessed from the navigation bar at the bottom of this page.

Neville added this following comment about the above photo via email: A view of the Place MMRC adders taken in the mobile van installed in 1964 which opened at Sandown Park on 19 June 1964. Note the many Canon connectors that were used to connect the van to the track.

The following table returns to the document "The Julius Premier Totemobile" and contains a small extract of the installations listed in this document. I must point out that these are almost all fixed site installations and not mobile systems. I have included this here despite a similar table in another page as the listing is in number of ticket issuing machine order and some large installations can be seen together. This document is more modern than the one that the installations listed in the Installations/Testimonials - The Premier Totalisator chapter and consequently show the latest number of terminals as additional machines were often installed. It is divided up into 3 sections. The first is titled JULIUS "PREMIER" TOTALISATOR INSTALLATIONS completed prior to World War 2 The second is titled JULIUS "PREMIER" TOTALISATOR INSTALLATIONS completed since World War 2 The third is titled JULIUS "PREMIER" TOTALISATOR INSTALLATIONS now being manufactured I have extracted some of the entries from under the first and third title. The final entry I have provided is under the third title I find exceptional as this system has an asterisk in the Number of Issuing Machines column with a footnote * Capable of taking a total of 828 Issuing Machines. I recall seeing a transcript of a speech given by Charles Norrie the northern hemisphere expert on George Julius and totalisator history talking of a large system like this in the UK however this is the first time I have seen evidence of an installed system capable of this capacity. A demonstration system was built in Sydney in 1920 capable of supporting 1000 terminals.

A final selection criteria for the two tables I have included is customers not mentioned in the table in the Installations/Testimonials - The Premier Totalisator chapter. Finally, the red enlarged text for the 828 is my emphasis which does not exist in the original document.

JULIUS "PREMIER" TOTALISATOR INSTALLATIONS completed prior to World War 2
Where InstalledTypeTotalNo. ofNo. of
runnersIndicatorsTerminals
or combs
WHITE CITY STADIUM London EnglandW. P. & F.423320
LONGCHAMP FranceW. P.844273
EMPIRE STADIUM WEMBLEY EnglandW. P. & F.423272
HARRINGAY RACECOURSE EnglandW. P. & F.421220
VICTORIA RACING CLUB AustraliaW. P.605140
AUSTRALIAN JOCKEY CLUB AustraliaW. P.483133
WESTERN INDIA TURF CLUB IndiaW. P.481126
MIAMI JOCKEY CLUB U.S.A.W. P. & S452110
... Following entries out not contiguous ...............
BELLE VUE RACECOURSE EnglandW. P. & F.42185
EASTVILLE STADIUM EnglandW. P. & F.42174
TYNESIDE SPORTS STADIUM EnglandW. P. & F.42144
FIELDING JOCKEY CLUB New ZealandW. & P.48132
MOOREFIELD RACING CLUB AustraliaW. & P.(Port.)42232
WILLENHALL RACECOURSE EnglandW. P. & F.42130
PENANG TURF CLUB Fed. Malay StatesW. & P.32130
STENHOUSE STADIUM ScotlandW. & P.12127
BRISBANE AMATEUR TURF CLUB AustraliaW. & P.32220
WILLOWS AND COLWOOD PARK CanadaW. P. & S.30120
PERAK TURF CLUB Ipoh, Fed. Malay StatesW. & P.32118
MORNINGTON RACING CLUB AustraliaW. & P. (port)4017
PAKENHAM RACING CLUB AustraliaW. & P. (port)4017
... OTHER ENTRIES ...............



JULIUS "PREMIER" TOTALISATOR INSTALLATIONS now being manufactured
TotalNo. ofNo. of
Where InstalledTyperunnersIndicatorsTerminals
or combs
JOCKEY CLUB BRASILIERO Rio de JaneiroW. P.& D.405250
HARRINGAY RACECOURSE EnglandForecast.301198
VICTORIA AMATEUR TURF CLUB AustraliaExtensionsPortableEquipment180
MOONEE VALLEY RACING CLUB AustraliaExtensionsPortableEquipment180
WILLIAMSTOWN RACING CLUB AustraliaExtensionsPortableEquipment180
AUSTRALIAN JOCKEY CLUB AustraliaW. & P.(Port.)485164
ROYAL CALCUTTA TURF CLUB IndiaW.& P.486161
AUKLAND RACING CLUB New ZealandW. P. & D.244100
... Following entries not contiguous ...............
SYDNEY TURF CLUB Rosehill AustraliaW. & P. (port)48193
SYDNEY TURF CLUB Canterbury Park AustraliaW. & P. (port)48193
SYDNEY TURF CLUB Rosehill Moorefield AustraliaW. & P. (port)48193
TASMANIAN RACING CLUB AustraliaW. & P.24230
... OTHER ENTRIES ...............
GREYHOUND RACING ASSOCIATION LTD. EnglandW. P. & F.42blank*

* Capable of taking a total of 828 Issuing Machines
Notes: W. Win, P. Place, S. Show, D. Doubles, F. Forecast.

As the above table has introduced some of the large systems and this page has been looking at the small end systems it makes a good contrast to compare these miniature systems with a piece of equipment from one of the large ones. The White City Stadium London system is mentioned above. The following image shows a single adder from this system. As the number of machines this adder has to support, 320 which is probably not the maximum it is capable of supporting, it is massively larger than the adders in the mobile system. The image shows the adder corresponding to runner number 5. As can be seen it is mounted on a table and the whole system fills a room. I suspect this adder consumes more space than the whole mini adder mobile system.

Large System Adder/Aggregator at Longchamps image of a large system Adder/Aggregator

The Microtote

As the subject of this chapter is the mobile tote, this segment looks at the mobile after the introduction of computers. It appears on the back cover of the Winter 1978 Tote Topics magazine.

This computer operated totalisator system is the first of a new generation of totes designed primarily for the use of smaller Clubs. The system will handle twenty four starters in a race. Up to sixty-four J8, J10, J11 and J18 ticket issuing machines can be used and it is fully duplicated. There are outputs for four different closed circuit television information channels.

Due to public demand the first system has been programmed initially to operate a Trifecta pool using J11 TIMs and will service Bankstown, Bulli, Fairfield and Menangle Park trotting meetings, plus Bulli greyhound meetings, all in New South Wales, Australia.

The equipment has been installed in an eighteen foot purpose-built caravan and this is towed from track to track by a Ford F100 V8 truck. There is an emergency petrol generator and also storage batteries.

This combination was chosen instead of a self propelled vehicle in order that the Ford could also be used for other purposes and that in the event of a breakdown a replacement towing vehicle could be easily obtained. The caravan is fitted with air conditioning and apart from the computers, control consoles and printers, contains facilities for receiving the race broadcast, intercom to totehouse and commentators, four fixed T.V. monitors, a portable T.V. monitor for displaying the Trifecta progressive pool and the dividends, work space for two Control personnel and one Totalisator Agency Board Official.

All cables are led through a special waterproof cable box at the rear and when the caravan arrives at a track these are plugged into a distribution box at the main totehouse and the system is ready to operate. The second phase of operations will be a new programme to encompass win, place, quinella as well as trifecta and betting on three different meetings at once.

The main advantages of the Microtote are:

Operations started in May 1978 with complete success. The Sydney press complimented the clubs on their introduction of the Micro Tote and pointed out the speed at which the dividends including Trifecta were declared.

The Microtote - Tote Topics Spring 1977

This article pre-dates the one above.

Automatic Totalisators Limited is releasing a totally new totalisator system which takes full advantage of the latest advances in electronics to provide a completely portable miniature totalisator system. The system offers features previously only available on much larger and more costly systems. Called the Microtote this system offers for the first time, sophisticated totalisator facilities to small and medium sized racing clubs.

Microtote provides low cost, computerised totalisator facilities such as automatic odds and dividends calculation and display for Clubs with small to medium totalisator turnovers.

There are two models of the Microtote. Microtote I which caters for a simplified version of the new J22 terminal and Microtote II which caters for all previous ATL ticket issuing machines. A typical Microtote will allow betting on the local and two remote race meetings. The available pools are a maximum of 24 starter WIN/PLACE and a maximum of 24 starter QUINELLA or FORECAST for each track. In addition one only 24 starter TRIO or 12 starter TRIFECTA pool may be assigned to any one of the three tracks at the start of the day. An alternative system might comprise a 16 starter TRIFECTA and 24 starter WIN/PLACE facility on a single track. The complete system is controlled via two Totalisator Control Consoles. These consoles incorporate data entry, track selection and command keys as well as function indicators and a video display of system status. They will provide the following functions:
  Pool Selection  Runner Selection  Start Betting
  Clear Board  Stop Betting  Results Entry
  Off_course Entry  Negative Tickets  Compute Dividends
  Display Automatic Odds  Print Totals - Current  Race Increment

The operators are able to use either Totalisator Control Console for any control function or any track. The input comes up on the Video display as it is keyed in by the operator. If the data is correct then the operator depresses a TRANSMIT key and the information is entered into the system. This facility allows the operator to correct errors before they are entered into the system.

The system consists of the following units:
  1. Dual Central Processing Units  2. A Pair of Logging Terminals
  3. Two Totalisator Control Consoles   4. A Dual Floppy Disk Bulk Storage
  5. Video Odds Indicating Monitors

The dual nature of the system provides a back up for fail-safe operation and this Microtote is designed so as not to require highly skilled operators.


Fancy Line


Acknowledgements


Fancy Line

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