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The Plaque in the centre of the control panel below the clock reads: JULIUS TOTALISATOR - INSTALLED BY - TOTALISATORS LTD - 3 THAMES HOUSE - QUEEN ST PLACE E.C.4. Totalisators Limited was a UK based associate company of Automatic Totalisators Limited and was formed in London to manufacture, install and operate totalizators in the United Kingdom, Europe and Africa. John Relle, the son of Vernon the ex chief engineer of Totalisators Limited, informed me the office was in Park Street Mayfair, London and moved to the address given in an Automatic Totalisators Ltd document as Prudential House, Croydon, Surrey England in the late 1960s. More after the image...
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A 1937 Referee newspaper article, refers to the White City Julius Tote as The World's Biggest Tote. This can be read in the next image page of the Photo Gallery.
John Relle also wrote the following about his father's work at Totalisators Limited:
My Father was Chief Engineer and Dick Chiltern was Managing Director, before him it was a man called Whatley, I cannot remember his first name. Father spent some time in Australia I think in the 1950s
He installed totes in Longchamp Paris France, Cleveland Ohio USA, Rio de Janeiro Brazil, Ashanti Gold Coast ( now Ghana) Solvalla Stockholm Sweden, Cork Ireland. Also some in England.
He also designed and installed one of the indicator boards at the old Wembley Stadium. I know they did a lot of work for the GRA in the UK. I think the company was bought by Ladbrooks(sic) in the years before my father retired.
In 1951 on the way to the United States to join our father for two years, Vernon placed my sister, my two brothers and myself in turn, on his shoulders to watch the changing of the guard in London. He, or he and his family, were in their house during the war when a V1 or V2 German rocket bomb dropped through the roof of his (3 story?) residence. Fortunately it did not explode. I cannot remember if he ever visited Australia. He was a typical English gentleman. Our parents entertained many engineers who visited ATL. My father loved taking them to our grandfather's house at Kilcare on the Central Coast. It was a wonderful bushy place to visit for overseas guests and most had to "suffer" a three mile hike up and down coastal hills to his favourite fishing spot on the rocks at "Kangaroo, just a hop and jump" near the "Maitland" shipwreck.
William added the following in a later communication:
Vernon was very kind to us during out ten days in London waiting for a ship to continue our family's trip for two years to the USA. Our father was already working and being in charge of the American installations. He was not prepared to be away from the family for two years so ATL moved us to Boulder City, Nevada, etc.
We were there mostly with a six month visit to Cleveland, Ohio for work at Randall Park and a few weeks work in Jackson, Michigan. Then back to Boulder City for about six months then home.
Our father flew down to Brazil for a while during our stay in the USA. I remember seeing Keith Dodwell, Alan Lakeman, Malcolm Le Barr?, George Clemmer, Edward Both and several other Australians but I cannot remember their names at this moment. (Webmaster's note: Edward Both invented Visitel, a product ATL manufactured, which could transmit someone's writing from a transmitter unit to a receiver, by mechanically following the pen movements. When I worked in Queensland on the introduction of the computer totes that replaced the Julius totes there were Visitel machines on each of the tracks I worked on.)
The residence William remembers was 344 King's Road, Chelsea, SW3. We lived there until the mid 1950's. It was a maisonette, with a shop underneath with two floors above. I don't remember about the V1/2 but I have looked through the telephone directories for the period on Ancestry.co.uk and I see the my parents moved in 1942/3 so they may have been bombed out. I expect William Johnson Snr. met when Vernon was working in Cleveland.
When my father was abroad he used to send me post cards each week. I kept them all for a long time but they have got lost. One other thing Vernon's father, John Frederick Relle, was chief engineer to the Eastern Telegraph Co. Perhaps that's where his engineering gifts came from.
In the foreground are two table mounted Forecast pool adders one for the runner combination 2-5 and the other 2-4. These tables continue in a long line to the left and right of the image. There are rows of adders behind the photographer. Five adding shafts are visible across the tops of the tables. These contain solenoids that receive impulses from the ticket issuing machines, which cause escapement mechanisms to activate allowing the rotation of the adding shafts. The angular displacement of the adding shafts represents the value of bets. The rotation resulting from each escapement activation on an adding shaft is summed by the epicyclic gear train. The long tubular shafts at the far end of each of the five adding shafts, are called storage screws. These are a mechanical type of memory used as buffers between the relatively high acceleration adding shafts and the inertia limited parts of the adder. The scanners shown in the last two images in the White City section of the Photo Gallery, and are mentioned below, multiplex eight Ticket Issuing Machines onto each of the solenoids in the adding shafts.
The Control Panel shown in this image is about three times the size of what is visible. There are pillars visible at the left and right hand ends of the image and the control panel extends behind these pillars to the left and right. To the right of the left pillar, on the control panel there are three columns of isolation switches, one for each of the eight machines attached to a scanner, visible near the top. These isolate ticket issuing machines from the scanner, used in the event of a ticket issuing machine fault. Below these switches are six banks of overlap relays which maintain the betting circuit voltage for the duration of the transaction cycle, after the scanner has selected a particular TIM (Ticket Issuing Machine). Below each double column of overlap relays, are columns of two scanners each. These scanners are circular devices, which are electromechanical TDMs (Time Division Multiplexers), which existed long before the digital signalling methods that made this concept of Time Division Multiplexing commonplace. They consist of an arm that sweeps past a ring of eight studs which each has a TIM attached to them. The arm applies a voltage to each stud as it passes them which can be considered as generating an enabling pulse. The equipment just described to the right of the left pillar can also be seen on the left of the right hand pillar except instead of 3 columns of this equipment there are only two visible. This equipment is repeated to the left of the left hand pillar and to the right of the right hand pillar to the ends of the control panel. All this equipment just described can be thought of as the front end system of the Julius Tote. A complete view of the Control Panel and the Front End system equipment can be seen in the image after the next of the Photo Gallery.
|Where Installed||Type||Total||No. of||No. of|
|WHITE CITY STADIUM London England||W. P. & F.||42||3||320|
|EMPIRE STADIUM Wembley England||W. P. & F.||42||3||272|
|HARRINGAY RACECOURSE England||W. P. & F.||42||1||220|
|BELLE VUE RACECOURSE England||W. P. & F.||42||1||85|
|BROUGH PARK England||W. P. & F.||42||1||74|
|EASTVILLE STADIUM England||W. P. & F.||42||1||74|
|HALL GREEN RACECOURSE England||W. P. & F.||42||1||64|
|WHITE CITY England||W. P. & F.||42||1||53|
|LEEDS RACECOURSE England||W. P. & F.||42||2||52|
|POWDERHALL Scotland||W. P. & F.||42||1||52|
|TYNESIDE SPORTS STADIUM England||W. P. & F.||42||1||44|
|MIDLAND GREYHOUND RACING CO. England||W. P. & F.||42||1||42|
|WILLENHALL RACECOURSE England||W. P. & F.||42||1||30|
|STENHOUSE STADIUM Scotland||W. & P.||12||1||27|
|Total||No. of||No. of|
|EMPIRE STADIUM Wembley England||W. P.||12||3||102|
|WHITE CITY Old Trafford England||W. P. & F.||42||1||53|
|Total||No. of||No. of|
|HARRINGAY RACECOURSE England||Forecast.||30||1||198|
|GREYHOUND RACING ASSOCIATION LTD. England||W. P. & F.||42||blank||Capacity of 828|
I will write you a bit of history about greyhound racing in the British Isles. I worked at Middlesbrough dog track which had a tote, to be frank I took very little notice of it, the tote- I was a kennel boy, on race nights my job was to catch the hare when it stopped before the dogs got to it, the racing dogs wear wire muzzles, but they are made of wire with sharp points and welds and have gaps, when the hare passes the winning line the hare driver speeds up the hare so as to increase the distance from the dogs before it reached me, otherwise I would have 6 huge dogs diving at me to get the hare which of course they think is live, sometimes they snap at the hare [which is hidden behind my back] and the dogs own muzzle wire cuts the dogs gums and tongue.
Getting back to the tote Middlesbrough and Stockton had totes, Stockton dog track owners had a little fiddle going, after the dogs had crossed the finishing line they placed £20-00 worth of bets on the winner and the winning 1st -2nd - forecast, and each race they picked up the fiddle winnings from £20-00 worth of bets, each bet was 2/- [2 shillings] so £20-00 would be 200 tickets. I myself noticed the STOCKTON DOGS tote display window/board runnning up these phoney tickets but thought it was genuine late bets going through, The owners were prosecuted for fraud. At Middlesbrough dogs they had a tote with big display board, it must have been 30 feet high, the custom was to put your bets on [that's if you were in the know] when the first dog and gone into the first trap, you then had about one minute to place all your bets before the off. They put 6 dogs in the traps and during this short wait all the big money bets went on.
Most of the greyhound tracks have now gone, White City London was the most famous, I walked and thumbed lifts twice, 1958, 1959, 250 miles each way to see the Greyhound Derby, its laughable to think that I had to sleep in roadside hedges not having money for much else.
I live in Leeds, at one time we had local about 10 tracks, most of these have now gone, and only SHEFFIELD OWLERTON is left, Belle Vue Manchester gone, and Perry Barr in Birmingham. IN LONDON I think just Wimbledon is left, and last year Walthamstow was closed. All these tracks had a tote, which was the essential means for the track owners to earn some money other/ over the gate money. You probably know that Bookies had the right to stand by UK law providing they paid a nominal sum of [I think] it was 10x times the normal public admission price. They made a fortune because the really big bets went to bookies, I know they have a tote in France at the races, in France they do not have bookies, so the tote is the only gambling allowed [on tracks].
An interesting subject is the hares used at dog tracks, they have inside SUMNER HARES, and outside MCGEE HARES, the McGee hares by far the best. There's a good NGRC dog site on the web [www] also a good breeding and pedigree site, which may list all the remaining UK dog tracks. With regard to public attendances its nice going to the dogs between May to August, in the summer, but in the winter you can imagine how cold, rainy and miserable those places are, you then had in those days very heavy fogs so racing was often abandoned 'due to fog' which in practice, meant the dogs couldn't see the hare, and the hare driver couldn't see the hare or the dogs, and the public couldn't see the race or the TOTE BOARD??? chaos reigned, so everyone went home early. Did you know that if the last race was a photo-finish then about 50 to 100 winning tickets went uncollected because people had rushed for the bus [buses] home. Then many threw their tickets away thinking wrongly that the dog theyd bet on had lost, so on each race there was always a percentage of unclaimed winning tickets. The normal card was 8 races, usually 6 dogs per race, the dogs were bought in from Ireland, and the real sadness behind greyhound racing is that the dogs were destroyed quite regularly. Middlebrough dogs owned 160 track dogs, just dogs only, no bitches, they destroyed about 50 each year, and bought 50 to replace them. You had enormous social problems with working men losing their wages on the dogs and gambling especially dog racing gambling was an evil.
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