This technology history page contains a photograph, which is one of several belonging to the photo gallery pages, which are part of several pages relating to the invention of the world's first automatic totalizator in 1913 and Automatic Totalisators Limited, the Australian company founded in 1917 by George Julius, to develop manufacture and export these systems.


This is an image of a J42 TIM (Ticket Issuing Machine) from the 1980s. Following is some information from a company sales brochure titled A Winning Combination.

A Winning Combination

From the Australian company who invented the world's first mechanical totalisator comes the latest development on computerised wagering terminals...the modular, multi-function J42. Compact and versatile, fully intelligent and integrated, the J42 sets new industry standards in performance, reliability and serviceability. Inbuilt, self-contained modules include a ticket printer, keyboard, operator screen, customer display and mark sense reader. All modules are self-diagnostic and easily replaceable on-site, dramatically reducing downtime and repair costs. The J42 also provides no-fuss interfacing and simple connection to any make of computer. A wide range of options is available and ATL can offer you flexibility for your specific system requirements.

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This is an Automatic Totalisators company Photograph

The J42 Ticket Issuing Machine


Operating on line from the central control computer, high speed operation facilitates fast and quiet ticketing - lottery or racing data. In either the Sell Mode or Pay Mode, all transactions are entered through the mark sense reader or the operator's keyboard.


Uniquely designed software applications provide full service performance of all functions simultaneously. Rapid turn around at the terminal is maintained during the heaviest betting periods. As soon as the unique TSN (Ticket Serial Number) is verified at the central control computer, dividend details are displayed to both the operator and customer and a payment receipt is issued (optional).


All J42 modules are independently installed and do not develop inter-related faults. For easy module replacement , just lift off the cover and make the exchange. The terminal automatically performs diagnostic routines for fault detection. An error message is displayed on screen.


top left corner - this and following comments are not part of the sales brochure as they are implemented in the brochure with arrows to the associated parts.
14cm screen displays race/game data. Screen echoes keyboard activity and shows all current transaction details, rejection messages, net transaction total, account balances, previous transaction, sales and payment totals plus many other messages.


Not in view, located at the back of the operator display facing away from the operator at the customer.
Alphanumeric read-out faces customer and displays the total amount to be paid or received.


In the cavity to the right of the Operator Display, in the middle of the TIM underneath the chrome access lid at the top, with the black ticket guide with a notch in it.
Thermal print, large and clear with minimal noise. Field proven performance provides consistent quality with several bets available on one ticket. Only one moving part ensures minimal service attention.


To the right of the printer, underneath the silver access lid at the top, on the right hand side of the machine. The ticket reader front looks roughly like a black rectangle on top of the Mark Sense card reader looking roughly like another wider and shorter rectangle. Both these have horizontal slots to accept tickets or mark sense cards respectively.
Two input chutes - one sized to the mark form and the other to the ticket. Accepts bets for automatic transaction entry or rereads ticket for fast validation and error free payout. Reads both pencil and pen marks made by customer or printed bar codes for ticket identification. A flexible read logic system uses clocking marks preprinted on the form to locate mark positions. Optional magnetic card reader can be fitted for account betting and electronic funds transfer.


Keys identified in groups with different colours at the bottom section of the TIM. The blue group are venue selection keys e.g. Sydney Trots selected by pressing one of the location keys in the top row and then the venue type key in the second row. The lower left yellow group are the pool selection keys. The central grey group are used to enter runner numbers or other integer values like hexadecimal serial numbers. The yellow group top right are function keys. The red group are used for specifying cash values. The double width grey keys on the far right bottom are TOTAL, SUB TOT, and ENTER.
90 position keyboard handles bet entry, function input, payment requests and correction of rejected bets entered through the reader. Dedicated key fields relate race/game details and a 0-9 numeric keypad handles entry of values and general function data. Key caps can be customised.

Technical Details

Unit width: 420mm. Depth: 530mm. Height: 340mm Weight: 20Kg.


Motorola 6809 microprocessor with up to 52K bytes memory. Battery backed-up RAM option and calendar clock option. Battery can retain RAM memory for 36 hours minimum.
Communication Options (a) Two asynchronous ports installed as RS422 multipoint, ATL differential, RS232 with modem control. (b) One synchronous port installed as RS232 (HDLC) with modem control. Baud rate selectable from 50 to 19,200. Controller board contains memory, timers, audible alert and all serial interfaces including central computer communication.


Key caps made to user specification with 5 rows, each of 18 single key positions. Double-width keys can be fitted any position. Key switch type is mechanical wipe.


ISO Standard with track 2 read only.


Format: Thermal dot matrix with coated paper stored in roll form. Equipped with paper out sensor, rotary self-sharpening guillotine, programmable character set.
Paper Width: 50.8mm or 58mm.
Vertical Format Up to 20 characters/line; 40 lines /ticket.
Horizontal Format: Up to 80 characters/line; 8 lines/ticket (50.8mm paper); 10 lines/ticket (58mm paper).
Character Size: Standard/3.27mm by 1.82 mm; double width/3.27mm by 3.64mm; double height/6.55 mm by 1.82mm.
Speed Up to 400 characters/second.


Format: Optical read method with 15 sensors (or optionally up to 23), plus one clock mark sensor. Transport speed 200 mm/second.


Range: Paper (70 gsm) to light card.
Horizontal: 67 to 107mm.
Vertical: 83mm to 230mm.


Type: 14 cm cathode ray tube; anti-glare phosphor; green or amber; adjustable viewing angle and screen blanks when not in use.
Format: 16 lines of 30 characters.
Display Options: Double-width characters; inverse video; flashing characters.


Type: Liquid Crystal (backlit).
Format: 16 characters; dot matrix formation; upper case ASCII character set.
Character Size: 5.25mm x 3.2mm.


Two channels of output signal. PAL composite video with NTSC optional. 64 colours coded by character position with 32 or 40 characters/line. Double-width; double-height; double width/height to 20 lines/screen. Block graphics; inverse video; flashing characters; programmable character set. Display messages received on communication line and directed to video board by control unit. Video board can produce all 96 characters of the ASCII set. Each character can have independently defined foreground and back ground colour.

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