This page contains a photograph which is one of several belonging to the photo gallery pages which are part of several pages relating to the invention of the world's first automatic totalizator in 1913 and Automatic Totalisators Limited, the company founded to develop, manufacture and export these systems.
The photographer's stamp on this photograph reads Jacques BOYER 5bis, Rue Saint-Paul PARIS-IV
Following is the seventh extract from a company document titled The PREMIER (JULIUS) AUTOMATIC TOTALISATOR. The first paragraph in this extract, appears over the page from an image titled FIG. 13. Exterior of ticket selling cubicle on the Longchamps, Paris, Racecourse, showing "two-man" operation in the company document, which clearly relates to figure 13 although it is not mentioned. The image above is practically the same as figure 13 except the man outside the booth is dressed in a uniform and is clearly the second operator. It is obviously in the same building ascertained from the size and shape of the selling booth, the roller door opening and in particular the chequerboard pattern band around the top of the pillars on the sides of the booth. The man inside the booth looks the same in both photos and is wearing the exact same clothes including the tie, which is probably a uniform except that in the above image the hat looks like a Bowler but in the document it has a crease at the top and looks like a Fedora. This extract is the seventh in a sequence of extracts from the company document contained in multiple Photo Gallery pages of this website and immediately follows the previous extract. The previous extract can be read in the Photo Gallery page accessible by clicking on the image at the top of this page and scrolling up in the index table to and selecting the image thumbnail which has associated text starting with the words The type of Julius Tote Ticket Issuing Machine used at Randwick Racecourse... :
In the majority of installations the Premier Issuer is operated by one person, who not only prints and issues the tickets but also receives and counts the money paid in by bettors as shown in Fig. 12 which is an interior view of a ticket selling cubicle on the Randwick, New South Wales, Racecourse. At Longchamps, in Paris where the largest totalisator in the world is in use--a Premier equipment throughout--each selling cubicle is staffed by two persons, one operating the printing machine, and the other receiving and checking the moneys received. Such two-man operation is unusual with the Premier equipment, and is in use at Longchamps chiefly because of the fact that it has been the custom for the past 50 years on that Racecourse to operate the Pari Mutuel in that way.The Issuer mentioned in the above document is another name for a TIM. I have not presented Fig. 12 as it is very low resolution and not suitable for reproducing, however the TIM in the following image is identical to the one in use in Fig 12.
A simpler type of Premier Issuer can also be supplied in which pre-printed tickets are used as shown in Fig.14, but apart altogether from the expense involved in such pre-printing, this machine, whilst convenient and speedy cannot afford the same measure of check over the issuing of tickets as is achieved by the full automatic Premier Machine.
Every Premier Ticket Issuer is equipped with a small counter which records the number of tickets issued on each race by the operator, so that a complete check is available regarding the money for which each operator is responsible. The full automatic issuer can, if desired, be fitted with additional printing apparatus which will print on back of every ticket any desired advertisement. All the Longchamps selling machines are equipped with this accessory.
The Randwick Premier TIM
Thanks to Mike Bell, who used to be an Automatic Totalisators Limited Project Manager and Programmer, for sending me a scanned version of The PREMIER (JULIUS) AUTOMATIC TOTALISATOR which brought the extract above to my attention.
The next extract from this company document, which immediately follows on from the extract above, is titled Ticket Values and is in the second page of the photo gallery under the heading Ticket Issuing Machines (TIMs). To read it click on the image at the top of this page, scroll down to the bottom of the page and select the Next page option in the Navigation Bar. Then scroll down in the photo gallery index to the previously mentioned heading and select the image thumbnail below the heading with associated text starting The type of TIM in use at Randwick Racecourse in 1917.
The additional printing apparatus which prints advertisements on the back of every ticket, referred to in the third paragraph of the company document extract above, is very interesting to me. I had no idea that printing advertising on the back of tote tickets was available so long ago. I only worked on the computer based totalisator systems and none of the earlier technologies. During this later epoch, I thought I had originated this idea of printing advertising on tickets. As I found out later there were other contemporaries of mine who also had independently originated that thought. Despite effort being put into trying to conjure up interest in this idea, I never succeeded in getting it implemented on the tracks at which I was responsible for the totalisator systems. There are examples of tickets on this website that have advertisements on the back of the tickets. Despite digital computers being the Universal Machine dream come true, getting them to do something new, boils down to a programming task which costs money and consequently has an inherent resistance to change associated with it. It was not until TAB Limited took over the operations on the Queensland Racetracks that ATL had previously serviced, that a system was introduced that could print a graphic with associated text on the front of the ticket when it was issued. This was usually used to print the race-club's logo on every ticket.
The device protruding from the left hand wall of the selling booth and dangling down towards the shelf is a ticket paper roll holder and dispenser. This device is empty when the photo was taken. The paper roll is placed on the spindle at the top of the device. The paper then feeds down and under the bottom roller and from there enters the J5. The man outside the booth is probably the second operator as mentioned above, or a customer or pretend customer, presenting a ticket for payment. As the ticket paper dispenser is empty, and the neighbouring selling booths have their roller doors down I suspect this is not a race day and that the people have posed for the photograph. An additional reason to think that this is a posed photo is that if the second person outside the window is supposed to be the second operator, which is where the second operator stood, FIG 13 in the the company document mentioned, shows the second operator standing outside the booth wearing a uniform that makes him look like a Gendarme.