This history of technology page contains a photograph which is one of several belonging to the photo gallery pages which are part of several pages relating to the invention of the world's first automatic totalizator in 1913 and Automatic Totalisators Limited, the Australian company founded in 1917 to develop, manufacture and export these systems.

The workings of a J6 TIM 1935

This is an image of a J6 Ticket Issuing Machine (TIM) that was one of many in a single Julius Tote installation. It looks like it is installed at a racetrack. The wiring at the bottom right of the image looks like it is part of a permanent installation and connects the ticket issuing machine with the Julius Tote Mainframe. At the top left of the image, a reel of ticket paper can be seen, which is on a ticket paper dispenser, which seems to be attached to the wall as part of the permanent installation. The J6 is raised in the maintenance position and in operation would be swung down on the hinges at the bottom of the machine, from this vertical to a horizontal position, with the operator controls on the opposite side of it accessible by the operator. In its normal horizontal position, the workings of the machine are below the bench level, hanging suspended in the cut out in the bench, visible at the bottom of the image. More after the image...


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At the bottom left of the image a DC drive Motor is visible. The wheel to the right and above the motor is a printwheel, with the runner number type on the circumference. This wheel is rotated by the operator handle on the top side of the machine, so that the runner selected by the handle has its corresponding runner number type lined up with the print platen so that it is printed on the ticket. The large arc to the right of the printwheel is called The Halo. The studs in the halo represent runners in the race and the operator handle controls which stud makes a connection, that sends an enabling pulse to the corresponding runner adder in the mainframe, so the bet is recorded.

An Automatic Totalisators Limited document titled The Premier (Julius) Automatic Totalisator, written in 1930, contains a low resolution picture which looks the same as the one above. The caption reads FIG 11. "Premier" Ticket Issuer, showing Issuer raised for inspection. Premier is the product name of the Julius Tote. Following is an extract from this document, in the vicinity of this image:

A typical installation of Premier issuing machines in a small Racecourse equipment is shown in Fig. 9, and in Fig. 10 an outside view of the issuer with its operating handle, its paper feed, and its "number" dial is shown. Each issuer is mounted in such a way as to make it accessible for ready inspection, and each is driven by means of an independent electric motor, so that no shafting or belting of any kind is required, and an inside view of a Premier Issuer, raised for inspection, is shown in Fig 11.

Figure 9 in this document is titled Interior of Totalisator Building, showing "Premier" Ticket Issuing Machines installed in 1929 for the Galle Gymkhana Club. Ceylon. The image in this document is so low resolution that it is not worth reproducing here. There is an image in the first page of the photo album of this website that is very similar however. I have included a reduced copy of this image next:

Singapore Turf Club J5 Ticket Issuing MachinesAn image of the TIMs in a Singapore tote house

Note that the TIMs in this image are J5s whilst the TIM in the image at the top of this page is the J5's successor, the J6. I have not included an image here, showing the top of the J6, as this entry in the photo gallery is in a section titled Ticket Issuing Machines (TIMs) where there are several views of the tops of ticket issuing machines. The image thumbnail titled The J8 gives a good idea of what the operator selector handle looks like on the J6 machine and can be viewed by selecting its thumbnail after clicking on the image at the top of this page. The J8 thumbnail follows the thumbnail for the image at the top of this page.

A couple of interesting, modern for the time, features of the Julius Tote Tims follows, in another extract from the company document:

Every Premier Ticket Issuer is equipped with a small counter which records the number of tickets issued on each race by the operator, so that a complete check is available regarding the moneys for which each operator is responsible. The full automatic issuer can, if desired, be fitted with additional printing apparatus, which will print on the back of every ticket any desired advertisement.