|"We need to be aware of our engineering heroes ..." - Professor Trevor Cole - Sydney University|
|"One can hardly believe that such a man could go almost unnoticed and unrecognised" Professor Martyn Webb UWA|
See The shaft adder in the image chapter
This website relates to the history of the automatic totalizator, its invention in 1913, the inventor George Julius and the Australian company he founded in 1917 Automatic Totaliastors Limited. This company became a world monopoly in this field and later became part of an oligopoly. It also relates information about George Julius' engineering consulting company Julius Poole and Gibson. George Julius has a wider significance in Australia where he is regarded as a nation builder. He was knighted for his contribution to Australian technology. There is a school of thought that these early Australian totalisators were the world's first computers.
Doron Swade writes in his New Scientist magazine article dated 29 October 1987 titled A sure bet for understanding computers with reference to the London Science Museum The Julius totalisator with its automatic odds machine is the earliest on-line, real-time, data processing and computation system that the curators at the Science Museum have identified so far.
|Introduction||Automatic Totalisators Limited - later ATL|
|Sir George Julius||Installations / Testimonials - The Premier Totalisator|
|The shaft adder in the image||The Premier Tote Operation 1930 + Neville's talk|
|Mechanical Aids to Calculation||The Julius Premier Totemobile|
|ATL The Brisbane Project||Memories of a system long gone (computer)||Computer Tote Maintenance (technical)|
|Introduction to secondly||Tote Topics|
|Memories of the factory||Memories of the factory continued|
|Automatic Totalisators in America||Photo Gallery + Synchronicity|
|Photo Gallery continued|
|The end of an era - Harringay||Pool definitions + Report to Employees|
|The Melbourne Cup||Video clips of a working Julius tote|
|Caracas, a latterday Julius tote installation||Kota Kinabalu a computer tote installation||Intro to a long obsolete 1970s tote TIM|
|Eagle Farm Racecourse Museum||Memories of the penultimate Factory during WW2|
|Memoires of an Ops Manager and Harold Park||Bygone World's Largest Totes||George Julius Genealogy and other latterday interest||3 more ATL systems in Asia / Links to other pages|
|Search this site|
|Listen to the Fanfare|
|Copyright © 1997 - 2016|
|See the Accolades|
|An appeal for more information|
|A note about this web site|
A part of the precept for this site was that it cost nothing. No web creation or html editing tools were used except for a short trial of early freeware html editing tools to see what was being missed. The html has been manually written using a text editor or simple word processor. I have made no attempt to change the look of this site to make it conform with the 21st century. It is deliberately left looking like a mid 1990s web site when the WWW was just blossoming in a sea of anonymous FTP servers. I think it is appropriate that it represents the past as this is after all a history site. One concession I have made to modernity is less restrictive use of images as well as increasing their resolution. Let us not forget that when this website was first established the Internet Service Provider disk quota for a website was 5 Megabytes. At the time of writing this sentence, December 2013, ISP disk quota is 1 Gigabyte. The other factor limiting number of images and keeping resolutions low was the bit rate of the link with the ISP. My first Internet connection was with a V.32 9600 BPS modem. Comparing this with ADSL2+ we have gone from 9.6 KBPS in the mid 1990s to in excess of 20,000 KBPS in 2013.
First released 25 March 1997|
In this transient cyberspace, this web site has been at this same address for over 18 years
This Web Site will have particular appeal to two groups of people.
Firstly, those who have an interest in history and in particular that of technology. Anyone who knows something about the history of computing knows of Charles Babbage. What is little known is that mechanical engineering gave the world a highly successful machine used around the world that could be thought of as mechanical or later electro-mechanical computing in the form of the totalisator. These were probably the world's first large scale real time multi user systems. One was tested in Sydney in 1920 capable of supporting 1000 terminals and a sell rate of 250,000 transactions per minute, good by standards 9 decades later! These were not a theoretical machine or science fiction in a magazine, they were manufactured, operated and developed over decades. Generally they had much longer lifespans than the computing systems of today. The system installed in Longchamps France in 1928 with 273 terminals operated for 45 years before being replaced by a computer system. The system installed in Caracas Venezuela was still operating in its 48th year. Working on the principle that a picture is worth a thousand words I suggest that readers in this category have a look at the Photo Gallery + Synchronicity and the Photo Gallery continued chapters by following the links in the index provided above. Although they were real systems they are visually impressive behemoths that looked like they originated from an imaginative science fiction magazine. If this generates an interest there is plenty of relevant historical content in this site to wade through. For those interested in the history of digital computers prior to the advent of the Microprocessor, there is a chapter relating to component level maintenance of PDP11 based totalisators which can be viewed by following the link Computer Tote Maintenance (technical) in the index above.
Secondly, those who have an interest in the horse racing, trotting and dog racing industries and the totalisators that they are so linked with. I find it curious that, for a nation that stops for a horse race, The Melbourne Cup, and for a nation where most of the citizens know what a TAB is, that Australians know so little of the rich history of the automatic totalisator . Sir George Julius, the founder of the Australian companies Julius Poole & Gibson Pty Ltd and Automatic Totalisators Ltd, invented the world's first automatic totalisator , which was installed at Ellerslie Racecourse in New Zealand in 1913. Automatic Totalisators grew to be a monopoly exporting totalisator systems throughout the world and was sold to another once great and large Australian technology company AWA (Amalgamated Wireless Australasia) in 1991. After the monopoly years it became part of an oligopoly. Finally with the advent of the digital computer, totalisators became just another application of computing and the business became openly competitive.
I worked on Automatic Totalisators' first sell pay computer totalizator system. The predecessors were all sell only including the computer totes. This computer based system was installed in Brisbane and superseded electromechanical totalizators which were descendants of the original invention. I was impressed by the craftsmanship and the ingenuity of these old systems, parts of which dated back to circa 1926. I saw one of these totalizator systems bulldozed and realised that this history could easily be lost. Along with peers I started to save shaft adders from the oldest totalizator which was at Ipswich. The shaft adders are analogous to part of the central processing unit in modern day terminology.
I found considerable interest in these shaft adders by Museums and Educational Institutions resulting in many donations. Professor Trevor Cole from Sydney University, accepting a shaft adder donation prior to the advent of the Internet, remarked that he had seen a model of Babbage's analytical engine and that the shaft adder reminded him of it. This consolidated my impression that these electro mechanical totalisator systems represented a technology that led to the invention of the computer. It is debatable whether these early electromechanical totalisators should be considered computers, due to technicalities such as the category of mechanical computing never having been established, however it is highly probable that they were the first large scale, real time, multi user systems, which are concepts that had to wait for the advent of the digital computer to become commonplace jargon. I noticed in a text relating to the Ellerslie Julius tote by Prof Bob Doran, that George Julius himself referred to a shaft adder as a computer. This of course predated our contemporary view of a computer which went through a transformation with the advent of the digital computer. Interestingly I heard a radio discussion where one of the participants indicated there was a time when some people were regarded as computers and you could get a job as a computer.
This page is a continued attempt to keep this history from fading away! I am unable to offer more eloquent words to express the motivation behind attempting to retain some of this history than those of Frank Matthews in the Preface to the book From Tote to Cad published by Julius Pool and Gibson:
"This book was written because memories grow dim and records tend to disappear. As Julius Poole & Gibson is the longest established Australian consulting engineering practice there seemed to be a duty to produce a historical record before it was too late."
I have included information on the Brisbane Project as one of the Company's later achievements. By 1978 the Company was struggling with applying its monopoly oriented culture to the new world of competition. The Brisbane Project existed in the shadow of a much larger project, Sha Tin in Hong Kong. When this failed, due to inability to deliver on time, the company's future depended on the Brisbane Project's success. Our brief became simple, "Brisbane must work". I consider myself privileged to have worked with the small group of selfless devotees who moulded another potential failure into success.
|Having mentioned the failure of the Sha Tin project, I will add that at the time of the failure, an Automatic Totalisators' computer tote system had been working at the Royal Hong Kong Jockey Club's Happy Valley track for a decade. This system was PDP8 based and supported 550 individual selling points.|
|Go back to the index|
|Go to the next page|
I recall my first experience with the "Nation stopping for a horse race" mentioned above. I came to Sydney in 1964 from Hong Kong to attend boarding school. School life was structured and disciplined and education was a serious matter. It was with some suspicion of being the object of a practical joke, that I listened to the other students telling me that in the afternoon the teacher would stop and we would be allowed to listen to the radio broadcast of the Melbourne cup. I was introduced to the concept of a sweep, which further contributed to my suspicions that this was a joke.
I was later informed that I had been allotted Polo Prince and that this had been the last horse drawn from the hat and that it had next to no chance of winning. At this point I felt disadvantaged by not being fully initiated in these Australian customs.
I was astonished when I found that what I had been told was correct. I started to listen to my first horse race and the next thing I knew "They were off". A person was talking in a quick constant manner. As the race continued, the pace increased along with the excitement level. The words "Polo Prince" appeared more and more and I thought that this is probably good. The excitement built to a crescendo, then the broadcast returned to normal.
It was later confirmed, Polo Prince had won.
Mark Twain was also impressed by this phenomenon having made the following comment after seeing the Melbourne Cup in 1895. Nowhere in the world have I encountered a festival of people that has such a magnificent appeal to the whole nation. The Cup astonishes me.
The first year that an Automatic Totalisators system operated at Flemington on the Melbourne Cup was 1931. Totalisator betting was illegal in Victoria prior to 1931.
January 2014 - Addition of photographs titled ATL mobile computer tote trailer to the ATL The Brisbane Project chapter and photographs titled The PDP11 tote Console Terminals and The operations end of the ATL mobile computer tote and The Tally printers in the mobile computer tote and Okidata disk drive positioner arms and The ATL VAX based totalisator system and VAX/VMS Operating System Manuals in my office and The VAX based totalisator Operations Room to the Memories of a System Long Gone chapter as well as additional text and expansion of some existing text.
January 2014 - Addition of a photograph titled Project Team Tiffin in KK to the Kota Kinabalu A Computer Tote Installation chapter and associated text.
January 2014 - Addition of a photograph under the heading The Maintenance Workshop and another titled A view inside the Okidata sealed enclosure underneath the existing one showing a fully assembled Okidata disk drive, to the Computer Tote Maintenance chapter, as well as associated text for both photos.
February 2014 - Upgraded the December 2013 additions to the Automatic Totalisators Limited - later ATL chapter to a full description written by Neville Mitchell titled Randwick Resutls Indicator By Neville Mitchell.
February 2014 - Addition of Randwick Totalisator 1978 Upgrade to the The Premier Totalisator Operation 1930+Neville's Talk chapter.
February 2014 - Addition of photograph titled Neville Mitchell relaxes after a job well done to the The Melbourne Cup chapter.
February 2014 - Addition of photograph titled A close up of an adder from the system in the image above and associated text to The Melbourne Cup chapter.
February 2014 - Addition of information titled Julius Organ Company of Australia to the Photo Gallery Continued chapter.
March 2014 - Addition of images titled George Julius' Evans and Sons Lathe and Awdry Julius' Consutling Engineers Advancement Society Medal and George Julius' Peter Nichol Russell Medal and George Julius' Knighthood Medallion and George Julius' Kernot Medal and The Sir George Julius Medal with associated text to the Sir George Julius chapter.
April 2014 - Extension of the photo gallery from 21 to 69 images contained in two chapters, Photo Gallery + Synchronicity and Photo Gallery Continued chapters.
August 2014 - Addition of five paragraphs, the first starting with August 2014, to the Synchronicity section in the Photo Gallery + Synchronicity chapter.
August 2014 - Addition of information from John Relle about his father Vernon who was the Chief engineer of Totalisators Limited, which was the associate company of Automatic Totalisators in London in The end of an era - Harringay chapter.
August 2014 - Addition of an image of the main tote house at Flemington in 1945 when the Julius Tote was operating inside, to the Melbourne Cup chapter with associated text.
August 2014 - Addition of a link to the Victorian Racing Club, in the 3 more ATL systems in Asia - Links to other pages chapter. This link contains a 2014 image of the tote house mentioned in the previous entry along with associated text.
September 2014 - Addition of an image of The Chalmers street ex-ATL factory as it is in 2014 along with associated text, as well as an image of the same building as it was when ATL occupied the building which also includes an interview of Danny Alexander who was an apprentice during WW2 working in this building, to the Photo Gallery continued chapter of this website.
September 2014 - Addition of four more paragraphs to the Synchronicity section of the Photo Gallery + Synchronicity chapter, beginning with the paragraph I have already related some schoolboy synchronicity..
September 2014 - Addition of a paragraph regarding the banners in the crowd at the 1931 Melbourne Cup image, written by Tanya Williams in the Melbourne Cup chapter, starting with the words Tanya Williams, the VRC Arts and Heritage Curator.
September 2014 - Addition of a link to Bill Bottomley's Cyberfiles website in the 3 more ATL systems in Asia - Links to other pages chapter.
September 2014 - Addition of text describing my findings relating to locating the Automatic Totalisators factory at Alice Street Newtown, to the Photo Gallery continued chapter in the second paragraph, under the heading Early Factory Images in the photo gallery index.
September 2014 - Addition of Julius Poole & Gibson The Original Partners to the Sir George Julius chapter.
September 2014 - Addition of a Caracas Results indicator controller and a larger image of the Caracas Indicator, to the Caracas a latterday Julius tote installation chapter.
September 2014 - Additions to the Accolades page of this website, mostly as a result of research undertaken during a holiday to Melbourne and Sydney.
October 2014 - Addition of a link to a Youtube video clip titled Opening Day Hialeah 1932 showing the Julius tote in operation there, to the 3 More ATL systems in Asia/Links to other pages chapter. Also, addition of two links to the Video Clips of a Working Julius Tote chapter, to the Hialeah link, previoiusly mentioned as well as to the link to the British Pathe Website, which has clips of one of the Julius totes in action in Sydney.
October 2014 - Addition of a story to the Melbourne Cup chapter titled A good yarn from David Ferrier.
October 2014 - Addition of a couple of Caulfield memories from Neville Mitchell to the Melbourne Cup chapter appended to the section under the subheading A new Julius Tote by Neville Mitchell.
October 2014 - Addition of an article from Chirs Robertson relating his memories of ATL's computerisation of the totalisator systems in Melbourne in the Melbourne Cup chapter under the subheading Memories of this era by Chris Robertson under the heading The Computer Tote.
November 2014 - Addition of the Tote Memoirs of David Hamilton who was ATL's Operations Manager for NSW contained in 3 pages in the chapter titled Memories of an Ops Manager and Harold Park. The reference to Harold Park relates to the images of Harold Park as these pages are also part of the Photo Gallery of this site.
November 2014 - Addition of The Argus article from the book Julius Poole & Gibson The First Eighty Years to the Model City section titled An Email from Bill Chalmers.
November 2014 - Addition of A Victorian Tote Anecdote from Chris Robertson to the Melbourne Cup chapter of this site.
December 2014 - Addition of The Royal Turf Club of Thailand to the Tote Topics chapter of this site.
December 2014 - Addition of Chris Robertson's observations relating to the J8 Ticket Issuing Machine in the Tote Operation 1930 + Neville's Talk chapter, at the end of the section headed Ticket-Issuing Machines, as well as more of Chris' comments added to theTote Topics Chapter under the heading Some Listed Installations under the Eire / Ireland sub heading as well as at the end of the Some Listed Installations section.
December 2014 - Addition of Melbourne Overs Punters by Chris Robertson to the Melbourne Cup chapter.
January 2015 - Addition of Julius Tote equipment used at a Sydney Racetrack to the Photo Gallery+Synchronicity chapter.
January 2015 - Addition of branch street addresses that illustrate the split up of the planet between ATL and Autotote to the Tote Topics chapter under the heading of Bahrenfeld Germany - Quarterly Magazine July 1979.
January 2015 - Addition of seven photographs to the Photo Gallery Continued chapter under the heading Ticket Issuing Machines (TIMs).
January 2015 - Addition of an image of The Gabba Indicator and associated text to the Automatic Totalisators Limited - later ATL chapter under the heading Totalisator Indicators - Tote Topics number 27 - March 1969 and the ATL The Brisbane Project chapter under the heading The Brisbane Project.
February 2015 - Addition of information from Joe Brandon who used to work for Autotote, which was Automatic Totalisators Limited's American subsidiary to the image of the J8 TIM in the Photo Gallery Continued chapter accessed by selecting the thumbnail of the J8 under the sub heading in the image directory Ticket Issuing Machines (TIMs) below the full sized image under the heading J8 and Autotote Memories from Joe Brandon. Also in Automatic Totalisators in America chapter under the heading Las Vegas related by William Johnson Jr. Also in The Melbourne Cup chapter under the heading Story by Graeme Twycross. Also in the Tote Topics chapter under the heading Jai Alai - Tote Topics No.39 July 1970 below the Dania Fronton image.
April 2015 - Addition of an introductory chapter to the J22 TIM titled Intro to a long obsolete 1970s tote TIM accessible via the index above.
May 2015 - Addition of the content in the newly introduced chapter above to the Photo Gallery Continued chapter under the heading Ticket Issuing Machines in the ninth image. Also added the two images below this one in the Photo Gallery of the J22 Block Diagram and the J22 Processor PCB circuit diagram with significant descriptive text, especially associated with the second image. Also added a new image to the Photo Gallery+Synchonicity chapter under the heading Miscellaneous Images in the fifth image. It shows a bygone dividends and odds TV display method, using TV cameras to show odds and dividends, prior to the advent of video character generators.
May 2015 - Addition of information on a prominent ATL Managing Director, Spencer Grace, who was an Olympic Rower, to the Memories of the penultimate Factory during WW2 chapter.
May 2015 - Addition of a comment by Mick Gulovsen regarding the J25, to the J25 page accessible through the Photo Gallery Continued chapter under the heading Ticket Issuing Machines (TIMs).
May 2015 - Addition of information relating to the installation of the first electronic totalisator in Australia at Harold Park by Rob Stone, to the Raceday Control Console page in the Photo Gallery + Synchronicity chapter under the heading Harold Park Harness Racing Track.
May 2015 - Addition of a Referee Newspaper article about the world's biggest totalisator in 1933 and another on the first automatic totalisator in Tasmania from the Mercury Newspaper, to the Adding Equipment page in the Photo Gallery Continued chapter under the heading White City Stadium London 1933.
May 2015 - Addition of Newspaper articles from the Trove Electronic Newspaper archive, examples being the world's biggest totalisator in 1928 and the largest Austral-French commercial transaction, to the Adders in Longchamps France page in the Photo Gallery + Synchronicity chapter under the heading "Longchamps Paris 1928 - Probably the world's first large scale real time multi user system - The Insatiable Moloch".
May 2015 - Addition of Newspaper articles from the Trove Electronic Newspaper archive, about the largest automatic totalisator in the world in 1925 to the Western India Turf Club Machine Room page in the Photo Gallery + Synchronicity chapter under the heading Western India Turf Club Bombay 1925.
May 2015 - Addition of some paragraphs from George Julius' Eulogy to the Sir George Julius chapter, extracted from Edward Fenn's wonderful Julius genealogy website called The King's Candlesticks.
June 2015 - Addition of the sections on Frank Matthews, the last senior partner and Max Sherrard the director of Julius Poole and Gibson to the Sir George Julius chapter, extracted from the book Julius Poole and Gibson the First Eighty Years.
June 2015 - Addition of two synchronicity events, one regarding an RAAF F111 and the second George Julius' 60th Birthday Card with a Toowoomba Scene to the Photo Gallery + Synchronicity chapter.
June 2015 - Addition of Images and documentation provided by Kevin Johnston ex ATL relating to the prototype J25 accesible through the Photo Gallery Continued chapter by selecting the J25 thumbnail.
June 2015 - Addition of an extract of an email from Rod Richards in the Memories of the penultimate Factory during WW2 chapter under the heading Emails Regarding Spencer Grace, which includes Rod's early memories working at ATL starting in 1949. Additionally from Rod Richards a segment titled Rod Richards Remembers Tasmania's White City Tote to the page accesible through the Photo Gallery Continued chapter under the heading White City London 1933 -... and the thumbnail with the asociated text starting The adding equipment...
June 2015 - Addition of an extracts from emails sent between Warwick Halcrow and myself, of a ghostly nature in the Photo Gallery + Synchronicity chapter, accessible by selecting the image thumbnail under the heading Ellerslie Racecourse New Zealand 1913 with the descriptive text starting A view of the world's first automatic totalisator.
June 2015 - Addition of extracts from two emails from Neville Mitchell regarding Norm Noble, in the Memories of the Factory chapter, in the new notes, 2,4 and 5 as well as my memories of Norm in note 3. Note 2 contains an image of some of Norm's turnstyles at the GCTC.
July 2015 - Addition of 3 extracts from an ATL company document titled Report to Employees 1977 to the Pool Definitions + Report to Employees chapter. The extract headings are Company Name Change and Chairman's Address and Australasian Division
August 2015 - Addition of extracts from an ATL company document titled Automatic Totalisators (France) Limited Prospectus to the second page of the Bygone World's Largest Totes chapter relating to Longchamps in Paris.
August 2015 - Addition of recollections of Chris Robertson regarding UK Dog Tracks like Wembley and White City, to the page titled The World's Biggest Tote 1933 White City Stadium London in the Bygone World's Largest Totes Chapter.
September 2015 - Addition of images of the infield indicator and the scanner racks at Caracas with additional text, to the Caracas, a latterday Julius tote installation chapter.
September 2015 - Addition of a video titled Opening Day Hialeah Park 1932 to the Video clips of a working Julius tote Chapter.
October 2015 - Addition of Bob Plemel's description of the development of the J22 to the block diagram image of the J22 accessible via the link in the Photo Gallery Continued chapter.
November 2015 - Addition of segment titled 2015 A Dream Come True to the George Julius Genealogy and Latterday Interest chapter regarding the Institution Of Engineers Australia Heritage Award for the Julius Totes.
November 2015 - Addition of an image of an engineering drawing of a Julius Tote shaft adder from Bob Moran, under the heading Bob Moran's Interactive Julius Tote Displays, to the George Julius Genealogy and Latterday Interest chapter.
November 2015 - Addition of a section titled The Automatic Totalisators Limited First Aid Room, to the Memories of the factory chapter.
December 2015 - Addition of the section titled 2015 A Very Special ATL Reunion Dinner to the George Julius Genealogy and Latterday Interest chapter.
December 2015 - Addition of the section titled A Sad Time for the Ex-Autotote/ATL Fraternity to the Caracas, a latterday Julius tote installation chapter, relating to Keith Dodwell's obituary.
January 2016 - Addition of two images titled Caracas control room Ticket Counter console and An Image of staff showing J8s to the Caracas, a latterday Julius tote installation chapter, with associated text.
January 2016 - Addition of a postscript regarding Sir Henry Parkes, to the Memories of the factory chapter, in the second paragraph below the image of the factory.
January 2016 - Addition of ticket images and associated text for Wembley, White City, Harold's Cross, Sherbourne Park and Cork from Chris Robertson, to the Tote Topics chapter and the fourth page of the Bygone World's Largest Totes chapter.
January 2016 - Addition of an image of my first boss at ATL Ron Hood training two Iraqi engineers in the installation department at Meadowbank, along with associated information from Neville Mitchell, to the Memories of the factory continued chapter.
January 2016 - Addition of a comment by Greg Davis, to the Memories of the factory below the image of the foyer regarding the pending demolition of the ex ATL Meadowbank factory.
January 2016 - Addition of an extract from Racetrack magazine, to the second page of the Bygone World's Largest Totes chapter as well as the first image file of the Ellerslie Racecourse New Zealand 1913 section of the Photo Gallery + Synchronicity chapter.
February 2016 - Addition of examples of totalisator tickets from ATL systems, purchased by Chris Robertson in his travels around the planet, in varied pages as follows: The third page in the Bygone World's Largest Totes Chapter titled The World's Biggest Tote 1933 White City Stadium London plus the Tote Topics chapter under the heading Some Listed Installations, plus to the second and third and fourth pages of the Memories of an Ops Manager and Harold Park chapter, plus some images in the photo gallery as follows: In two image pages under the heading Queensland Racecourses with starting text The Doomben Main Tote House and The Albion Park Main Tote House and another under the heading Morphettville, South Australian Jockey Club 1921 with starting text This is an image of the main tote house and another under the heading Harold Park Harness racing Track with starting text An unusual image of Harold Park. Additionally, Chris' tickets added to the Tote Topics chapter as follows: tickets from Mariendorf Berlin under the heading Bahrenfeld Germany - Quarterly Magazine July 1979 tickets from South Africa under the heading The Durban Turf Club - Tote Topics Winter 1978 under the sub heading The Winter Season, and tickets from Singapore under the heading More of the Singapore Tuf Club (Extracts from Tote Topics Winter 1978) and Tickets from Seoul under the heading Some Listed Installations and sub heading Argentina. Additionally tickets from Belmont in the Automatic Totalisators in America chapter under the heading ATL international name in totalizator betting systems and sub heading Saratoga and Belmont Park. Addition of the Hong Kong ticket to the Tote Topics chapter under the heading happy with ATL at Happy Valley.
February 2016 - Addition of information on the Ipoh and Penang projects including an image of Ron Hood, as well as images of the Ipoh and Penang totes from Lachie Macdonald and tote tickets from Chris Robertson as well as extracts from Tote Topics magazine regarding The Perak Tuff Club and The penang Tuf Club as well as an image of a large Penang tote house with J8 tickets machines as well as Peter Rolls' eulogy to the 3 more ATL systems in Asia/Links to other pages chapter.
February 2016 - Addition of a Royal Tufr Club of Thailand tote ticket from Chris Robertson to the Tote Topics chapter near the bottom of the page under the heading The Royal Tuf Club of Thailand.
February 2016 - Addition of a section titled Baghdad - Al Furusua Club - Al Mansur to the Memories of the factory continued chapter from Rex Turner.
March 2016 - Addition of a paragraph containing an anecdote from Dermot Elworthy, George Julius' great nephew, regarding a prank at Canterbury College, where George Julius was a student, to the George Julius Genealogy and other latterday interest chapter, in the second paragraph below the image of Canterbury College, under the heading New Zealand Holiday 2007.
March 2016 - Addition of ticket images and ATL Lamp Indicator brochure with associated text, from Chris Robertson, to the Melbourne Cup chapter.
March 2016 - Adddition of Keith Dodwell's full Obituary written by Mari Dodwell, after she provided approval for it to be presented on this website, to the Caracas, a latterday Julius tote installation chapter.
March 2016 - Adddition of J8 and J11 ATL brochures provided by Chris Robertson, to the Photo Gallery Continued chapter.
April 2016 - Adddition of five ATL brochures provided by Chris Robertson, to the Photo Gallery+Synchronicity chapter under the heading in the table Images of ATL company brochures donated by Chris Robertson.
April 2016 - Adddition of extracts from a document sent to me by Mike Bell titled The PREMIER (JULIUS) AUTOMATIC TOTALISATOR, to images in the Photo Gallery + Synchronicity chapter, with the associated texts starting The Tote House at the Ellerslie Racecourse... and Western Australian Trotting Association's Tote Building... and Longchamps Racecourse France circa 1929... and Ceylon Turf Club Colombo... and An image of one of the 273 J5 Ticket Issuing Machines at Longchamps.
April 2016 - Adddition of Norm Noble's farewell Turnstyle to the Memories of the Factory chapter under the heading Memories of Norm Noble unrelated to turnstiles near the bottom of the page.
April 2016 - Adddition of a curious static chain to the Memories of the factory continued chapter under the heading Factory Memories from Rod Richards near the bottom of the page.
|Information has been extracted from Automatic Totalisators company magazines and documents.|
|Thanks to Max Anderson, Frank Matthews and Max Sherrard, for allowing me to quote from the book From Tote to Cad published by Julius Poole & Gibson.|
|Thanks to Peter Collier for bringing the New Scientist article mentioned above to my attention.|
|Thanks to Crames Studios--3D Animations and Graphics for the Australian flag|
|Thanks to my 11 year old son (1997) who was a great help with the typing, the html and the images.|
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