WOMEN'S COSTUME PATTERNS
Roman women's costume consisted of three simple garments.
TUNICA (underdress), STOLA (overdress), and PALLA (wrap).
The Tunica is the basic garment, and would be quite plain, probably white or beige.
This is a Greek garment equivalent to the Tunica, which was also popular in Rome. The statue on the Female Citizens page is wearing a Peplos.
The Stola was probably similar in cut to the Tunica. The arm openings would be deeper, open to the waist. Sometimes the material was gathered at the shoulder seam to show the sleeves of the Tunica underneath. These pleats would be held together by pins, or by sewing a strip of braid over the seam, as on this statue.
The Stola would be of more colourful and luxurious materials than the Tunica.
The Palla is a simple rectangular drape worn for modesty and protection from the elements. It could be worn about the shoulders as shown, or drawn over the head. Use a full width of cloth, and hem or just fringe the ends to prevent fraying.
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